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Mental Illness Symptom and Treatment

By Rojer @healthxwellness
Mental Illness Symptom and Treatment

Mental illness is really a medical condition that disrupts an individual's thinking, feeling, mood, capability to relate to others and daily functioning.

Mental illness is one of the most overlooked, yet one such problem afflicting people, around the globe. It accounts for 11 percent of total worldwide disease burden. Ought to be fact, in the established market economies for example United States, these mental disorders are second simply to heart disease, in the most disabling disease category. Broadly defined mental illnesses or mental disorders are significant behavioral or psychological pattern occurring in an individual and is usually related to distress, disability or increased chance of suffering These disorders vary from mild mood disorders to extreme manic depressive illnesses.

Mental illness is really a medical condition that disrupts an individual’s thinking, feeling, mood, capability to relate to others and daily functioning. Just like diabetes is a disorder from the pancreas, mental illnesses are health conditions that often result in a diminished convenience of coping with the ordinary demands of life.

Reasons for Mental Illness

Treatment of mental or emotional disorders often depends on discovering their source. Mental health issues often coexist with other disorders, like drug abuse or anxiety. There are many different reasons for mental health issues, some of which range from the following:


Some mental health problems are hereditary. Having a close relative that has been diagnosed with depression, anxiety, mood disorders or similar can increases an individual’s chance of developing mental illness. Stress. High-stress lifestyles can frequently result in anxiety, depression along with other complications to both mental and physical health. Trauma. Physical or psychological trauma can frequently lead to extended mental distress. For instance, post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, has become increasingly common in individuals of every age group and from all different backgrounds.

Hormonal imbalance

Often the result of puberty, pregnancy, menopause, or any other hormonal conditions, there are certain mental health situations related to irregular hormone production are quite common.

Substance abuse

Drug and alcohol addictions often lead to psychological and emotional distress. It’s because a combination of effects on the brain that occur because of prolonged substance abuse as well as accompanying factors for example guilt, low self-esteem, social isolation and much more.

Symptoms of Mental Illness

Mental health problems can produce a wide variety of symptoms. The next signs and symptoms may signal the requirement for professional psychological help:

  • Severe moodiness.
  • Outward signs of aggression or violence.
  • Increased social isolation.
  • Struggles with alcohol or drugs.
  • A seeming inability to cope in everyday situations.
  • Risky behaviors for example promiscuity, drunk driving and other signs of an over-all disregard for health and/or personal safety.
  • Indications of self-mutilation.
  • Violent thoughts, threats or behaviors.

Psychological Treatments

This type of treatment is based on the thought that the cause of mental illness is based on the way a person reacts to or perceives things in their mind. These treatments help patients to alter their ways of thinking, perceiving and behaving, and thereby enhance their functioning. Some common psychological therapies are listed below:

Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)

A person’s thoughts and behavior patterns are studied carefully. Then your patient and the therapist sit together, to sort out some new ways of thinking and behaving. CBT is extremely effective in the treatment of anxiety disorders and also to some extent, psychotic disorders like schizophrenia.

Mental Illness Symptom

Mental Illness Symptom

Interpersonal Psychotherapy

The influence of relationships on the person’s thoughts and behavior is closely observed and analyzed. Then your professional talks it out using the patient and gives some valuable insights and suggestions. This works well with those who have had a past record of difficult relationships. In such instances, it has been noticed that some improvement in those relationships can result in drastic improvement in the person’s standard of living.

Treatment with Medication

Medicine is mainly required to treat those people who are severely affected by mental illness. Various kinds of medications used are as follows:

Antidepressant Medications

Because the name suggests, these are depression medications accustomed to treat depression. These medicines will also be administered to people with phobias, panic attacks, eating disorders, etc. It really works well in 60 to 70 % of the cases.

Antipsychotic Medications

These types of drugs first came in the 50s. Initially, the drugs once had a lot of side effects, but at the moment, they are available with lesser negative effects. The best part of these drugs is the fact that, they allow people with mental illness to guide a life in the community. They do not have to invest years in the confines of psychiatric hospitals.

Other Treatments

These are treatment options wherein the individual has to be admitted as an inpatient. They’re as follows:

Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)

In this method, after administering general anesthesia, electricity is passed through the person’s brain. ECT is usually used to treat patients with severe depression. Now, this isn’t used as frequently as it was utilized in the past. It is used only in instances where other methods fail to show any improvements.


This is done only in extraordinary instances. When some intensive treatment methods are needed, the patient is kept under observation inside a hospital for a short period of time. Nowadays, so far as possible, medical practitioners generally recommend management of mental illness in a familiar environment.

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