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Vitamin D and Inflammation

By Texicanwife @texicanwife
How Vitamin D Inhibits Inflammation...
Vitamin D Fights Inflammation
"Vitamin D Inhibits Inflammation"
Results of the research appear in the
The Journal of Immunology,
2012 issue.

Researchers at National Jewish Health have discovered specific molecular and signaling
events by which vitamin D inhibits inflammation.
In their experiments, they showed that low
levels of Vitamin D, comparable to levels found
in millions of people, failed to inhibit the
inflammatory attack, while levels considered adequate did inhibit inflammatory signaling.
"This study goes beyond previous associations of vitamin D with various health outcomes. It outlines a clear chain of cellular events, from the binding of DNA, through a specific signaling pathway, to the reduction of proteins known to trigger inflammation," said lead author Elena Goleva, assistant professor of pediatrics at National
Jewish Health.
"Patients with chronic inflammatory diseases, such as asthma, arthritis and prostate cancer, who are
vitamin D deficient, may benefit from vitamin D supplementation to get their serum vitamin
D levels above 30 nanograms/milliliter."
Current national guidelines suggest that people should maintain a minimum blood serum level of
20 ng/ml, although there is much scientific debate about optimum levels. Vitamin D has long been known to contribute to bone health by promoting the absorption of calcium.
In recent years, much attention has been paid to
its possible immune and inflammatory benefits.
Low vitamin D levels have been associated with several diseases including asthma, cancer, diabetes, and arthritis.
Back Pain Sufferring
In the current study researchers examined the specific mechanisms by which vitamin D might
act on immune and inflammatory pathways.
They incubated human white blood cells with varying levels of vitamin D, then exposed them to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a molecule associated with bacterial cell walls that is known to promote intense
inflammatory responses.

Cells incubated with no vitamin D and in solution containing 15 ng/ml of vitamin D produced high levels of cytokines IL-6 and TNF-alpha, major actors in the inflammatory response. Cells incubated in 30 ng/ml vitamin D and above
showed significantly reduced response to the
LPS. The highest levels of inflammatory inhibition occurred at 50 ng/ml.
Through a complex series of experiments, the researchers identified a new location where the vitamin-D receptor appears to bind directly to
DNA and activate a gene known as MKP-1. MKP-1 interferes with the inflammatory cascade triggered by LPS, which includes a molecule known as p38, and results in higher levels of IL-6 and TNF-alpha.
"This newly identified DNA-binding site for the vitamin-D receptor, and the specific pathways inhibited by higher levels of vitamin D provide a plausible mechanism for many of the benefits that have been associated with vitamin D," said Dr. Goleva. 'The fact that we showed a dose-dependent and varying response to levels commonly found in humans also adds weight to the argument for vitamin D's role in immune and inflammatory
Story Source:
National Jewish Health.
Journal Reference:
Vitamin D Inhibits Monocyte/Macrophage Proinflammatory Cytokine Production by Targeting MAPK Phosphatase-1.
The Journal of Immunology, March 1, 2012
National Jewish Health (2012, February 23).
How vitamin D inhibits inflammation.
This article is for informational and educational purposes only; It is not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Consult your doctor or
healthcare professional.

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