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Basic Foundation Guide: Types of Foundation

By Arzoo Sharma @prettynhealthy

Basic Foundation Guide: Types of Foundation
Hi Girls,

With tons of foundations available in the market, it is very difficult to choose a foundation meant for your skin type and needs. So today, I’ll be guiding you on the basic types of foundation available and which is best for your skin type. This would be my first part of the series- basic foundation guide and I’ll be guiding you on all the foundation basics in my upcoming posts like how to apply foundation, different types of tools to apply foundation, the types of coverage, how to choose the right foundation, etc.

Basic Foundation Guide

Powder Foundation: Powder foundations are basically compact types that comes in a compact pan. Powder foundation gives very light coverage but the coverage can be built by layering it again and again. Powder foundations are best for oily to combination skin and to apply a powder foundation, sponge or a brush is used to get a good coverage! Sponge is used for getting a little extra coverage and powder brush for getting a softer coverage. The end result of powder foundation is flawless, even tone skin. It controls excess oil, is quick and easy to use and is great for school and work where you don’t want to look made up or that you have lots of makeup on!

Read: MAC Studio Fix Compact Plus Foundation Review

Liquid Foundation: Liquid foundations comes in liquid form. There are tonnes of liquid foundations out there in the market varying from oil free, water-proof, matte finish, with SPF and oil-based. Liquid foundations are best suited for dry skin and can also be used for oily skin when the formulation says oil-free. You can apply liquid foundation with a flat foundation brush, makeup sponge, buffing brush, beauty blender and with your fingers of course! Liquid foundation gives medium to full coverage depending on the formula and how much you apply.

Read: How to Determine Your Skin Type at Home

Cream Foundation: Cream foundation is creamy and slightly thicker in texture than liquid foundation. Cream foundation comes in cream form and gives medium to full coverage. Cream foundations are meant for normal to dry skin and also for ageing skin as it contains some amount of moisture to hide the signs of dryness and ageing. You can use cream foundation with your fingers, sponge or a flat foundation brush.

Read: Inglot YSM Cream Foundation Review

Tinted Moisturizer Foundation: It’s a mixture of foundation and moisturizer and gives very sheer coverage. It is best suited for women with good skin and those who don’t need much coverage on a daily basis. Tinted moisturizers usually comes with SPF, so it’s a 3-in-1 product in the sense it’s a moisturizer, a foundation for the sheer color it gives and a sunscreen. We now also get few tinted sunscreens in the market like the Lotus 3-in-1 matte effect sunblock which is good for almost all skin types. Use your fingers to use a tinted moisturizer as it is very liquid (thinner) in consistency and applies best with fingers.

Read: Lotus Herbals 3-in-1 Matte Look Daily Sunblock SPF 40 Review

Stick Foundation: Stick foundation comes in stick form where you have to twist the bottom and take the stick out to apply the product on your face. Stick foundations normally gives full, heavier coverage which makes it perfect for skin with the most amount of problem areas like blemishes, dark circles, redness, pigmentation, acne scars, etc. It is best suited for oily skin and can look a bit cakey on dry skin as they are dry in texture. Stick foundations are not for daily use and should be used only for parties, events, marriages and special occasion because of the full coverage they give. You can directly apply the product from the stick itself like painting your skin with a stick and then blend it with your fingers, sponge or a stippling brush. Stick foundation is great for travelling purposes as you don’t have to worry about its spilling in your bag!


Mousse Foundation: Mousse foundation have a creamy formula with some moisture built-in! It is also known as whipped foundation which is because it comes with air whipped in it. Mousse foundations are believed to give air brush effect! It is very easy to apply and is best for dry skin as it glides on smoothly and never cakes up. You can use it with fingers, sponge or any other makeup tool. It gives matte powdery finish so it can also be used by oily skin and the coverage you get from mousse foundation is medium to full. The consistency of mousse foundation is neither too thick nor too runny and it feels very light and breathable on the skin.

Mineral/Loose Powder Foundation: Mineral foundation comes in loose powder form and is used with a big powder fluffy brush. It can be used alone or on top of foundation to set it in. The coverage varies from sheer to medium. It is made with natural ingredients so it is best suited for sensitive acne-prone skin and can even be used by oily skin because of its ability to mattify the skin and control excess shine and oil. It is best suited for daily use because of its easy application and light feel on the skin.

These are the types of foundations available in the market so choose a one best suited for your skin type and your requirements. Hope you liked my first part of basic foundation guide series, if so then wait for my upcoming posts where I’ll be guiding you more on foundation basics.

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