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Fall of Gadaffi: A Boost For The World Economy?

Posted on the 24 August 2011 by Periscope @periscopepost

Fall of Gadaffi: A boost for the world economy?

Muammar Gaddafi speaks to his supporters in Tripoli Photocredit: | شبكة برق B.R.Q

The civil war in Libya has been raging since mid-February. Now, as rebel forces take over the capital city, Tripoli, and the soon-to-be-erstwhile tyrant Colonel Gadaffi apparently flees, what will the effect be upon the world economy?

Rebels now control about 80 percent of Libya, and they’re going to need some cash. The European Union and NATO have already taken steps to release previously frozen assets, entering into talks to relase about $100 billion of Gadaffi’s, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development will start lending to North Africa and the Middle East, said

  • The Italian connection. Well Italy has already benefited, said  Ed Conway on Sky News. The Libyan government owned, via various investment funds, 7.2 percent of the shares in the Italian Bank UniCredit. This bank had one of the worst balance sheets in Europe (as shown by the stress tests) – but, because Libyan assets were frozen, the bank could “rely on its biggest aggregate shareholder” not to sell up and push share prices further down. The combined stake was worth 2.8 billion euros in February, but is now worth a mere 1.2 billion. However, the “unintended consequence” is that there’s been at least “small relief” for Unicredit.
  • Things can only get, well, slightly better. James Saft on Reuters said the fall of Gadaffi hasn’t come a moment too soon. It’ll take pressure off energy prices. Regime change will also mean that “production and exploration” are now “more competently and agressively pursued.” Low energy prices are an “unalloyed good” for the global economy. But the impact as a whole “will be small.” At least the European Central Bank might reverse their “disastrous hikes in interest rates.” Consumers will be helped; but it won’t aid the banking industry. The effects in America will be even less noticeable, though it might make the Federal Reserve’s position “slightly easier” as it too might ease off interest rate hikes.
  • Arrgh me hearties. quoted Donald Trump in somewhat piratical mode as he spoke on Fox & Friends. ”We are NATO. We back NATO in terms of money and weapons. What do we get out of it? Why won’t we take the oil?” he said. “Why aren’t we reimbursing ourselves? You know, in the old days, when you win a war, you kept ‘to the victor, belong the spoils.’”
  • Softly softly. Sky News gave a rundown on Libya’s assets, and how the fall would affect the economy: Libya has huge amounts of oil and gas, but they are “less than half the size of Iraq or Kuwait’s.” Libya’s total foreign assests are “estimated to be worth $150 billion”, according to the International Monetary Fund, and are mostly located in Italy, with some in London and Africa too. The Libyan Investment Authority opened a branch in London, and was buying up British property. Libya’s Central bank “has 143.8 tonnes of gold.” But Libya hasn’t had the reforms to make it a “dynamic, healthy and balanced economy.” Its industries are “nationalised” and run like a “fiefdom”. But youth unemployment is high, financial markets underdeveloped, and the economy’s become more reliant on oil revenues. So it’s “extremely fragile, and will need enormous amounts of work, care and attention in order to bring it back to stability and health in the coming years.”
  • Surely it’s good news for Europe. It’s there for the taking, said Matthew Lynn on MarketWatch. It’s a victory for modernisers, opening up a “vast new market, and it is right on Europe’s doorstep.” The North African countries are big, and they’ve got young populations, and have “deep historical links” with European nations. We’ll be “reaping the benefits” for years. It isn’t just oil – it’s the fact that a “new, vibrant economic region” is blossoming. We don’t know what will happen – new autocracies could arise, and Islamic extremists could take over. But if Turkey can do it, then surely the rest of North Africa can. Amid all the gloom about Europe, Gadaffi’s fall “is undoubtedly good news.”

More on Libya

  • New beginning for Arab Spring?
  • Gaddafi regime on brink of collapse as rebels surge into Tripoli
  • Fall of Gaddafi is great news for PM David Cameron
  • France may be in contact with Gaddafi
  • ICC issues arrest warrant for Gaddafi
  • Gaddafi ordered Viagra to help troops commit mass rape
  • Nato air strikes kill Libyan civilians

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