Self Expression Magazine

“Vital” Information On Shannon Lee Wolf A.K.A Sharon Lasitter

By Latoya @latoyallawrence
394570_400283336691591_597938542_nThis Notice Can Be Found At This Address: Oh what a character this Shannon Lee Wolf is (Caulbearers United Scam). Such a liar for days. And all of these phony ailments that she supposedly has is quite ridiculous. She should not be alive. Although I do know for a fact that all of the mental problems and issues that are listed below definitely is true about Sharon Lassiter/Shannon Lee Wolf. Those other symptoms sound more like a combination of AIDS or HIV infection (just a thought!) I can’t say for certain because of the way that Shannon is hard up for everyone elses money. I do not need her trying to sue me for defamation even while I am telling the truth. I said “sounds like”. Sharon/Shannon likes to turn and twist the truth around so I am just making myself clear. By The Way, I see on my site statistics Sharon/Shannon visited my site today. She is still keeping tabs and being informed by (possible spies) regarding the latest posts to my blog, aside from her being one of my followers. Maybe someone will alert her before she receives an email alert through her subscription to my site and view the latest about herself. I tell you, this poor excuse for a woman is a dead giveaway. She is definitely finished. Seems she better get a real job. Maybe she can go into prostitution since she can do nothing but lay on her back all day long. There is no strenuous brain work within that. And it is a very quick way for Sharon Lassiter/Shannon Lee Wolf to make lots of good easy money! UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
Sharon Lasitter,
v. Civil Action No. 2:12-CV-112
Michael J. Astrue,
Commissioner of Social Security,
(Docs. 6, 10)
Plaintiff Sharon Lasitter brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) of the
Social Security Act, requesting review and remand of the decision of the Commissioner
of Social Security (“Commissioner”) denying her application for disability insurance
benefits. Pending before the Court are Lasitter’s motion to reverse the Commissioner’s
decision (Doc. 6), and the Commissioner’s motion to affirm the same (Doc. 10). For the
reasons stated below, the Court DENIES Lasitter’s motion, and GRANTS the
Lasitter was forty-seven years old on the alleged disability onset date of
August 1, 2009. She has a high school education, has taken college courses in art and
psychology, and is certified as a life coach. She has work experience as an operator in a
textile plant, a life coach, and a housekeeper at a hotel. She is divorced, has an adult son,
and was living with her boyfriend during the alleged disability period. (AR 43.)
Lasitter suffers from chronic fatigue syndrome (“CFS”) and fibromyalgia, among
other ailments. She testified at the administrative hearing that she has severe headaches;
and daily, “fairly constant” pain in her head, neck, shoulders, back, hips, and legs. (AR
43-44.) She further stated that, in an effort to alleviate her pain, she lays down for
anywhere between two and four hours a day. (AR 45.) Lasitter testified that she suffers
from gastroesophageal reflux disease (“GERD”) and occasional irritable bowel syndrome
(“IBS”); and has difficulty reaching, lifting, sitting, standing, bending, and walking due
to pain. (AR 45-48.) Despite her pain and other problems, she stated that she is able to
prepare very simple meals, wash dishes, occasionally tidy up around the house, and keep
in touch with friends via Facebook. (AR 45, 52-53.) She watches television for
approximately four hours each day, and does very little socializing because she feels
overwhelmed and confused when she is around other people. (AR 53-54.)
On December 9, 2009, Lasitter filed applications for social security income and
disability insurance benefits. In her disability application, she alleged that, starting on
August 1, 2009, she has been unable to work due to CFS, which she described as
“persistent or recurring profound fatigue.” (AR 161.) She explained that her CFS
resulted in “a substantial reduction in work and social/personal activities,” as well as loss
of short-term memory, inability to concentrate, sleep problems, sore throat, muscle pain,
tender lymph nodes, severe headaches, malaise, heat/cold intolerance, inability to sit for
long periods, and inability to lift or carry heavy objects. (Id.) She stated: “The
combination of pain, fatigue[,] and congative [sic] issues halt or severely limit my ability
to maintain the stamina and capacity to work.” (Id.)
Lasitter’s disability application was denied initially and upon reconsideration, and
she timely requested an administrative hearing, which was conducted on June 30, 2011
by Administrative Law Judge (“ALJ”) Robert Klingebiel. (AR 33-57.) Lasitter appeared
and testified, and was represented by an attorney. On August 2, 2011, the ALJ issued a
decision finding that Lasitter was not disabled under the Social Security Act at any time
from her alleged onset date through the date of the decision. (AR 15-24.) Thereafter, the
Appeals Council denied Lasitter’s request for review, rendering the ALJ’s decision the
final decision of the Commissioner. (AR 2.) Having exhausted her administrative
remedies, Lasitter filed the Complaint in this action on May 29, 2012. (Doc. 3.)
ALJ Decision
The Commissioner uses a five-step sequential process to evaluate disability
claims. See Butts v. Barnhart, 388 F.3d 377, 380-81 (2d Cir. 2004). The first step
requires the ALJ to determine whether the claimant is presently engaging in “substantial
gainful activity.” 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(b), 416.920(b). If the claimant is not so
engaged, step two requires the ALJ to determine whether the claimant has a “severe
impairment.” 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(c), 416.920(c). If the ALJ finds that the claimant
has a severe impairment, the third step requires the ALJ to make a determination as to
whether the claimant’s impairment “meets or equals” an impairment listed in 20 C.F.R.
Part 404, Subpart P, Appendix 1 (“the Listings”). 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(d), 416.920(d).
The claimant is presumptively disabled if the impairment meets or equals a listed
impairment. Ferraris v. Heckler, 728 F.2d 582, 584 (2d Cir. 1984).
If the claimant is not presumptively disabled, the ALJ is required to determine the
claimant’s residual functional capacity (“RFC”), which means the most the claimant can
still do despite his or her mental and physical limitations based on all the relevant
medical and other evidence in the record. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(e), 404.1545(a)(1),
416.920(e), 416.945(a)(1). The fourth step requires the ALJ to consider whether the
claimant’s RFC precludes the performance of his or her past relevant work. 20 C.F.R. §§
404.1520(f), 416.920(f). Finally, at the fifth step, the ALJ determines whether the
claimant can do “any other work.” 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(g), 416.920(g). The claimant
bears the burden of proving his or her case at steps one through four, Butts, 388 F.3d at
383; and at step five, there is a “limited burden shift to the Commissioner” to “show that
there is work in the national economy that the claimant can do,” Poupore v. Astrue, 566
F.3d 303, 306 (2d Cir. 2009) (clarifying that the burden shift to the Commissioner at step
five is limited, and the Commissioner “need not provide additional evidence of the
claimant’s [RFC]”).
Employing this sequential analysis, ALJ Klingebiel first determined that Lasitter
had not engaged in substantial gainful activity since her alleged onset date of
August 1, 2009. (AR 17.) At step two, the ALJ found that Lasitter had the severe
impairments of fibromyalgia and affective disorder. (AR 18.) At step three, the ALJ
found that neither of Lasitter’s impairments, alone or in combination, met or medically
equaled a listed impairment. (AR 18-19.) Next, the ALJ determined that Lasitter had the
RFC to perform light work, as defined in 20 C.F.R. § 404.1567(b), except that she was
“limited to understanding, remembering, and carrying out simple instructions.” (AR 19.)
Given this RFC, the ALJ found that Lasitter was capable of performing her past relevant
work as a housekeeper, which the ALJ noted is an “unskilled, light occupation” under the
Dictionary of Occupational Titles. (AR 23.) The ALJ concluded that Lasitter had not
been under a disability from the alleged onset date of August 1, 2009 through the date of
the decision. (AR 23-24.)
Standard of Review
The Social Security Act defines the term “disability” as the “inability to engage in
any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or
mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can be
expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months.” 42 U.S.C. §
423(d)(1)(A). A person will be found disabled only if it is determined that his
“impairments are of such severity that he is not only unable to do his previous work[,] but
cannot, considering his age, education, and work experience, engage in any other kind of
substantial gainful work which exists in the national economy.” 42 U.S.C. §
In reviewing a Commissioner’s disability decision, the court limits its inquiry to a
“review [of] the administrative record de novo to determine whether there is substantial
evidence supporting the . . . decision and whether the Commissioner applied the correct
legal standard.” Machadio v. Apfel, 276 F.3d 103, 108 (2d Cir. 2002) (citing Shaw v.
Chater, 221 F.3d 126, 131 (2d Cir. 2000)); see 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). A court’s factual
review of the Commissioner’s decision is limited to determining whether “substantial
evidence” exists in the record to support such decision. 42 U.S.C. § 405(g); Rivera v.
Sullivan, 923 F.2d 964, 967 (2d Cir. 1991); see Alston v. Sullivan, 904 F.2d 122, 126 (2d
Cir. 1990) (“Where there is substantial evidence to support either position, the
determination is one to be made by the fact[-]finder.”). “Substantial evidence” is more
than a mere scintilla; it means such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept
as adequate to support a conclusion. Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401 (1971);
Poupore, 566 F.3d at 305. In its deliberations, the court should consider that the Social
Security Act is “a remedial statute to be broadly construed and liberally applied.”
Dousewicz v. Harris, 646 F.2d 771, 773 (2d Cir. 1981).
I. Credibility Determination
Lasitter argues that the ALJ’s credibility determination “is based on irrelevant
evidence and is not supported by substantial evidence.” (Doc. 6 at 12.) She accurately
points out that, in the context of assessing Lasitter’s credibility, the ALJ discussed an
email which has since been removed from the record because it “referenced another
claimant.” (AR 376-78; see AR 21 (“[the] e-mail[] suggests that [Lasitter] was
encouraged to amplify her subjective complaints in an effort to seek disability benefits,
rather than for the purpose[] of obtaining medical treatment”).) Even accepting this error,
however, it was harmless, given that (a) the ALJ identified sufficient other reasons to
support his credibility determination, and (b) substantial evidence supports that
determination, as discussed below. See Fitzgerald v. Astrue, No. 2:08-cv-170, 2009 WL
4571762, at *9 (D. Vt. Nov. 30, 2009) (holding ALJ error which does not negate validity
of ALJ’s ultimate conclusion is harmless and thus does not warrant reversal); see also
Batson v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 359 F.3d 1190, 1197 (9th Cir. 2004); Schaal v. Apfel, 134
F.3d 496, 504 (2d Cir. 1998) (“Where application of the correct legal standard could lead
to only one conclusion, we need not remand.”) (citing Johnson v. Bowen, 817 F.2d 983,
986 (2d Cir. 1987)).
It is well established that the ALJ may exercise discretion in weighing the
credibility of the claimant’s testimony in light of the other evidence in the record, and “is
not obliged to accept without question the credibility of . . . subjective evidence [of the
claimant’s pain].” Marcus v. Califano, 615 F.2d 23, 27 (2d Cir. 1979). Even when
accepted as true, the claimant’s subjective assertions of pain alone cannot ground a
finding of disability. 20 C.F.R. § 404.1529(a). The regulations provide a two-step
process for evaluating a claimant’s assertions of pain and other limitations. At the first
step, the ALJ must decide whether the claimant suffers from a medically determinable
impairment that could reasonably be expected to produce the symptoms alleged. 20
C.F.R. § 404.1529(b). If the claimant suffers from such an impairment, at the second
step, the ALJ must evaluate the intensity, persistence, and limiting effects of the
symptoms to determine the extent to which they limit the claimant’s capacity to work. 20
C.F.R. § 404.1529(c); SSR 96-7p, 1996 WL 374186, at *2 (July 2, 1996). Because “an
individual’s symptoms can sometimes suggest a greater level of severity of impairment
than can be shown by the objective medical evidence alone,” SSR 96-7p, 1996 WL
374186, at *3, an ALJ will consider the factors listed in the regulations to determine the
impairment’s severity. Those factors are: (1) the claimant’s daily activities; (2) the
location, duration, frequency, and intensity of the claimant’s symptoms; (3) precipitating
and aggravating factors; (4) the type, dosage, effectiveness, and side effects of
medication taken to relieve the symptoms; (5) other treatment received to relieve the
symptoms; (6) any measures taken by the claimant to relieve the symptoms; and (7) any
other factors concerning the claimant’s functional limitations and restrictions due to the
symptoms. 20 C.F.R. §§ 416.929(c)(3)(i)-(vii).
“When evaluating the credibility of an individual’s statements, the adjudicator
must consider the entire case record and give specific reasons for the weight given
[thereto].” SSR 96-7p, 1996 WL 374186, at *4. If the ALJ rejects the claimant’s
subjective complaints of pain, he must do so “‘explicitly and with sufficient specificity to
enable the [c]ourt to decide whether there are legitimate reasons for the ALJ’s disbelief.’”
Young v. Astrue, No. 7:05-CV-1027 (NAM/GHL), 2008 WL 4518992, at *11 (N.D.N.Y.
Sept. 30, 2008) (quoting Brandon v. Bowen, 666 F. Supp. 604, 608 (S.D.N.Y. 1987)).
Importantly, the court’s review of the ALJ’s credibility determination is limited, as it is
the province of the Commissioner, not the reviewing court, to “appraise the credibility of
witnesses, including the claimant.” Aponte v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs., 728 F.2d
588, 591 (2d Cir. 1984); see Snell v. Apfel, 177 F.3d 128, 135 (2d Cir. 1999) (holding
ALJ is in better position to decide credibility). If the Commissioner’s findings are
supported by substantial evidence, the court must uphold the ALJ’s decision to discount a
claimant’s subjective complaints. Aponte, 728 F.2d at 591 (citing McLaughlin v. Sec’y of
Health, Educ., and Welfare, 612 F.2d 701, 704 (2d Cir. 1980)).
Here, the ALJ applied the above-described two-step process to assess whether
Lasitter’s asserted limitations were credible. After reciting Lasitter’s allegations and
testimony regarding her inability to work principally due to chronic pain, weakness, and
fatigue; the ALJ found that “[Lasitter’s] medically determinable impairments could
reasonably be expected to cause the alleged symptoms; however, [her] statements
concerning the intensity, persistence[,] and limiting effects of these symptoms are not
credible to the extent they are inconsistent with the above [RFC] assessment.” (AR 19-
20.) The ALJ then discussed Lasitter’s medical records, her self-reported daily activities,
and the medical opinion evidence, providing reasons for his decision that Lasitter was not
entirely credible. (AR 20-23.)
Specifically, the ALJ found that the objective medical evidence, including
diagnostic testing and clinical examinations, did not support the level of limitation
Lasitter claimed; but rather, indicated that Lasitter’s physical functioning was “essentially
normal.” (AR 20.) This finding is accurate. Despite Lasitter’s testimony at the
administrative hearing that she had fairly constant pain throughout virtually every area of
her body and had difficulty walking, standing, bending, reaching overhead, and
comfortably lifting anything over four pounds (AR 43-48); her radiologic evidence, lab
results, and physical examinations revealed basically no abnormalities other than a
treatable Vitamin D deficiency and fibromyalgia tender points (see, e.g., AR 220-22, 260,
426-29). She was reported to have normal range of motion in the extremities, neck, and
spine; full strength, reflexes, and sensation; and a normal gait. (See, e.g., AR 222, 228,
260, 428-29.) The ALJ also discussed Lasitter’s activities of daily living, accurately
noting that she was able to engage in “regular activities of daily living,” such as simple
cooking and cleaning, communicating with friends via Facebook and e-mail, and
maintaining a relationship with her boyfriend. (AR 21; see AR 45, 52-53, 180, 296.)
The record further demonstrates that Lasitter had been able to drive on occasion and
exercise five times/week.1 (AR 180, 183, 295, 355.) It is well established that an ALJ
may consider a claimant’s daily activities in assessing the claimant’s credibility. See,
e.g., Calabrese v. Astrue, 358 F. App’x 274, 278 (2d Cir. 2009) (citing 20 C.F.R. §
The ALJ also could have considered in support of his credibility determination
that Lasitter failed to comply with treatment recommendations, including following a
physical therapy program and seeking a referral for pain management services. (See AR
375 (“[d]ismiss[ed] need for pain [management] referral”), 391 (at initial physical
therapy appointment in August 2010, a plan was created, including “see[ing] patient 1-2x
a week as needed”), 400 (in October 2010, physical therapist wrote: “[Lasitter] has not
kept or made any additional appointments to continue care”).) Courts have held that
noncompliance with treatment recommendations may serve as a basis for dismissing a
claimant’s subjective complaints. See Holley v. Massanari, 253 F.3d 1088, 1092 (8th
Cir. 2001); 20 C.F.R. § 404.1530(b) (“If you do not follow the prescribed treatment
without a good reason, we will not find you disabled.”).
In sum, the Court is satisfied that the ALJ used the proper legal standards in
analyzing Lasitter’s complaints of pain. Further, the ALJ’s decision contains enough
detail for the Court to discern the reasons on which the ALJ relied in discounting
1 At the administrative hearing, however, Lasitter testified that she allowed her driver’s license to
expire in the summer of 2010, relying on her boyfriend to transport her to appointments. (AR 50-51.)
Lasitter’s allegations of disabling pain. Finally, there is substantial evidence—including
the objective medical evidence, Lasitter’s daily activities, and Lasitter’s failure to comply
with treatment recommendations—supporting the ALJ’s decision to discredit Lasitter’s
allegations regarding the extreme limitations caused by such pain. While another factfinder
could view this evidence in a light more favorable to Lasitter, the Court may not
substitute its own credibility determination for that of the ALJ’s unless the latter was
“patently unreasonable,” which was not the case here. Pietrunti v. Dir., Office of
Workers’ Comp. Programs, 119 F.3d 1035, 1042 (2d Cir. 1997) (“Credibility findings of
an ALJ are entitled to great deference and therefore can be reversed only if they are
patently unreasonable.”) (quotation marks omitted).
II. Analysis of Dr. Fama’s Opinion
In June 2011, after examining Lasitter on two occasions, rheumatologist Dr.
Teresa Fama opined that Lasitter could not lift any object for a continuous period of time;
could sit for only one hour at a time, stand for only ten minutes at a time, and walk for
only twenty minutes at a time; could sit for only four hours in an eight-hour workday, and
stand and walk for less than one hour in an eight-hour workday; needed to lay down for a
minimum of four hours each day due to fatigue; and needed to change positions at will
due to discomfort. (AR 418-19.) She further opined that any repetitive motion of the
hands, wrists, elbows, or lower back caused Lasitter pain and dizziness; and any
repetitive motion of the joints caused pain and fatigue. (AR 420.) Finally, Dr. Fama
opined that Lasitter had “frequent unexplained dizziness”; pain with stooping, kneeling,
and crawling; phobia of heights; and fear of going outside unaccompanied by another
person. (AR 421-22.)
The ALJ gave “little weight” to Dr. Fama’s opinions, finding them to be
“inconsistent with the medical evidence of record, including [the Doctor’s] own record of
treatment.” (AR 22.) The ALJ further found that the objective medical evidence “simply
does not substantiate [the] profound functional limitations [included in Dr. Fama’s
opinions].” (Id.) Lasitter argues that the ALJ erred in his analysis of Dr. Fama’s
opinions by failing to follow the “treating physician rule” and failing to give “good
reasons” for the limited weight afforded to Dr. Teresa Fama’s opinion about Lasitter’s
fibromyalgia. (Doc. 6 at 12-16.)
Lasitter’s argument fails for two reasons. First, Dr. Fama treated Lasitter on only
two occasions—November 4, 2009 and June 27, 2011—and thus did not have an ongoing
treatment relationship with her and was not a “treating physician” for purposes of the
treating physician rule. See Petrie v. Astrue, 412 F. App’x 401, 405 (2d Cir. 2011)
(treating sources who see a patient only once or twice do not have a chance to develop an
ongoing relationship with the patient and thus are generally not considered treating
physicians); Schisler v. Bowen, 851 F.2d 43, 46 (2d Cir. 1988) (defining a “treating
physician” as a physician “who has or had an ongoing treatment and physician-patient
relationship with the individual”). The Second Circuit has held that a physician’s opinion
is entitled to less weight when the physician did not treat the claimant on an ongoing
basis. In Mongeur v. Heckler, the court emphasized that the opinion of a treating
physician is given extra weight because of his unique position resulting from the
“continuity of treatment he provides and the doctor/patient relationship he develops.”
722 F.2d at 1039 n.2 (2d Cir. 1983). By contrast, the court reasoned that a physician who
examined a claimant only “once or twice” did not see the claimant regularly and thus did
not develop a physician/patient relationship with him. Id. The Second Circuit concluded
that such a physician’s medical opinion was “not entitled to the extra weight of that of a
‘treating physician.’” Id.; see also 20 C.F.R. § 416.927(d)(2) (an ALJ should generally
“give more weight to” the opinion of a doctor who treated a claimant on an ongoing basis
and thus could provide a “detailed, longitudinal picture of [the claimant’s] medical
impairment(s),” offering a more “unique perspective to the medical evidence” than
provided by reports from “individual examinations, such as consultative examinations or
brief hospitalizations”). Applied here, given that Dr. Fama examined Lasitter on only
two occasions over a period of nineteen months, the ALJ did not err in giving less than
controlling weight to her opinions.
Second, Lasitter’s argument fails because substantial evidence supports the ALJ’s
determination that Dr. Fama’s opinions were inconsistent with the medical evidence of
record, including her own treatment record; and this was a proper reason to discredit Dr.
Fama’s opinions. The regulations provide that a treating physician’s opinion must be
given “controlling weight” when it is “well-supported by medically acceptable clinical
and laboratory diagnostic techniques and is not inconsistent with the other substantial
evidence in [the] case record.” 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c)(2) (emphasis added). Where an
ALJ gives a treating physician opinion something less than “controlling weight,” he must
provide “good reasons” for doing so. Schaal v. Apfel, 134 F.3d 496, 505 (2d Cir. 1998);
see also Halloran v. Barnhart, 362 F.3d 28, 33 (2d Cir. 2004). Clearly, “[c]onsistency”
is a factor in deciding the weight accorded to a medical opinion, and it is proper to give
less weight to a medical opinion that is “internally inconsistent.” Michels v. Astrue, 297
F. App’x 74, 75 (2d Cir. 2008); see 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c)(4). Thus, the ALJ’s
rationale that Dr. Fama’s opinions were entitled to less weight because they were
internally inconsistent and inconsistent with the record as a whole, constituted a “good
reason,” if supported by substantial evidence.
After reviewing the record as a whole and Dr. Fama’s treatment records in
particular, the Court finds that substantial evidence supports the ALJ’s determination that
Dr. Fama’s opinions are “inconsistent with the medical evidence of record, including her
own record of treatment.” (AR 22.) Dr. Fama first saw Lasitter for a rheumatology
consultation in November 2009. (AR 259-61.) Upon examination, the Doctor noted that,
although Lasitter reported significant fatigue with cognitive impairment, pain in various
parts of her body, dry eyes, sore throat, breathing problems, acid reflux, and mild irritable
bowel symptoms; she had full range of motion in her extremities, normal range of motion
in her spine and neck without discomfort, 5/5 strength in all large muscle groups, only
“[a] few” (“less than 11”) fibromyalgia tender points, a nonantalgic gait, and negative
straight leg raise bilaterally. (AR 259-60.) Dr. Fama ordered blood work, and thereafter
recorded that Lasitter’s antibody tests were “completely negative.” (AR 264.) Dr.
Fama’s only diagnosis was chronic fatigue “with many features of chronic fatigue
syndrome” and a Vitamin D deficiency; she stated that taking a higher dose of Vitamin D
“[may] . . . help with [her] fatigue.” (AR 260.) Nearly twenty months after this initial
examination, in June 2011, Dr. Fama saw Lasitter for a second time. (AR 427-29.) Dr.
Fama noted that, according to Lasitter, her symptoms had not changed since the earlier
visit. On examination, however, the Doctor found more fibromyalgia tender points than
at the November 2009 examination. (AR 429; see also AR 428 (reporting tender points
in the “upper back, chest wall, left lateral epicondyle, lower back, quadriceps[,] and
greater trochanters”).) Dr. Fama’s assessment was that Lasitter had chronic fatigue and
chronic pain “with signs and symptoms consistent with fibromyalgia.” (AR 429.)
Thus, Dr. Fama’s two examinations of Lasitter revealed basically normal results,
although Lasitter reported significant fatigue and many other miscellaneous symptoms,
some of them consistent with fibromyalgia. Dr. Fama’s opinion that Lasitter had
“frequent unexplained dizziness” (AR 421; see also AR 422 (“[r]arely drives due to
dizziness, feeling off-balance”)) is not reflected in Dr. Fama’s treatment notes; and
Lasitter denied dizziness on multiple occasions to other medical providers (see, e.g., AR
220, 224, 227, 387). Dr. Fama also found that Lasitter could “[n]ever” lift an object
weighing less than ten pounds (AR 418), yet Lasitter herself stated in a physical therapy
report that she could lift a grocery bag weighing ten pounds (but with some difficulty)
(AR 357). Although Dr. Fama was given an opportunity to identify “the particular
medical or clinical findings (i.e., physical exam findings, x-ray findings, laboratory test
results, history, and symptoms including pain, etc.)” which supported her opinions, she
merely reiterated that Lasitter felt pain with certain activities or movements. (AR 420-
21.) As discussed above, however, the ALJ properly found that Lasitter was not entirely
credible with respect to reporting such severe levels of pain; and thus this was a weak
foundation for Dr. Fama’s opinions.
Overall, the record contains several physical examinations resulting in normal
findings, similar to those recorded in Dr. Fama’s treatment notes but inconsistent with Dr.
Fama’s opinion that Lasitter had severe physical limitations. (See, e.g., AR 220-22, 225,
386-87.) Moreover, there is some indication in these records that Lasitter’s problems
were largely situational, caused by stress, an “unhealthy lifestyle pattern” (AR 220),
family and work problems, and “abusive situations” (AR 387)2. (See also AR 414
(“[Lasitter] and boyfriend are currently out of work and are at risk of [being] evicted
from their [apartment] adding to [their] stress.”).) The record also contains medical notes
indicating that Lasitter’s fibromyalgia symptoms were improving with medication, and
were stable. (See, e.g., AR 370 (“[u]sing . . . Cymbalta . . . which helped myalgia,
fatigue[,] and depression”), 389 (“[d]oing well on Cymbalta overall”), 433.) Opining that
Lasitter had no medically determinable impairment, state agency consultants Dr.
Geoffrey Knisely and Dr. Ann Fingar summarized the medical record as follows: no
evidence of swelling, full range of motion of joints except mild decreased abduction with
normal passive range of motion, few (less than eleven) fibromyalgia tender points,
normal range of motion of spine, neurologically intact, non-antalgic gait, and negative
straight leg raising. (AR 338, 344.) Although Drs. Knisely and Fingar made their
opinions before Lasitter’s 2011 fibromyalgia diagnosis, and thus the ALJ afforded
2 The record reflects that Lasitter suffered a great deal of loss in the years prior to her alleged
disability onset date: she divorced her husband and had a falling out with her mother in 2005, and her
father committed suicide in 2007. (AR 295.) Also, in approximately 2010, her dog died; she was having
credit problems; she lost her job; and she lost her apartment. (AR 295-96.)
“limited weight” thereto (AR 22), their summary of the medical record—including their
notation that Lasitter had less than eleven “tender points of fibromyalgia” (AR 338,
344)—is accurate.
Importantly, for purposes of the disability analysis, the mere diagnosis of
fibromyalgia is not particularly significant; it is the severity of the fibromyalgia
symptoms and the limitations caused thereby that matter most. See Green-Younger v.
Barnhart, 335 F.3d 99, 108 (2d Cir. 2003). Lasitter asserts that Social Security Ruling
(“SSR”) 12-2p requires remand for the ALJ to reconsider her fibromyalgia. But SSR 12-
2p does not do away with the requirement that, once the ALJ finds that the claimant had
fibromyalgia, he must determine whether that fibromyalgia, alone or in combination with
other impairments, was disabling. Rather, SSR 12-2p states:
Once [a medically determinable impairment] is established, we then
evaluate the intensity and persistence of the person’s pain or any other
symptoms and determine the extent to which the symptoms limit the
person’s capacity for work. If objective medical evidence does not
substantiate the person’s statements about the intensity, persistence, and
functionally limiting effects of symptoms, we consider all of the evidence
in the case record, including the person’s daily activities, medications or
other treatments the person uses, or has used, to alleviate symptoms; the
nature and frequency of the person’s attempts to obtain medical treatment
for symptoms; and statements by other people about the person’s
SSR 12-2p, 2012 WL 3104869, at *5 (July 25, 2012) (emphasis added). The Second
Circuit has recognized that, although “fibromyalgia is ‘a disease that eludes [objective]
measurement,’ mere diagnosis of fibromyalgia without a finding as to the severity of
symptoms and limitations does not mandate a finding of disability.” Rivers v. Astrue,
280 F. App’x 20, 22 (2d Cir. 2008) (quoting Green-Younger, 335 F.3d at 108) (citation
omitted). The court distinguishes between a claimant like the one in Green-Younger,
whose doctor3 diagnosed her fibromyalgia as “severe” and the cause of marked
limitations in the claimant’s activities of daily living, id. at 104; and a claimant like
Lasitter, whose fibromyalgia was not described as severe by a physician who had an
ongoing treatment relationship with her, who was able to engage in regular activities of
daily living, and who the ALJ properly found to be not entirely credible.
The record reflects that, although Lasitter experienced pain and fatigue, her
symptoms were controlled with medication; she did not require intensive treatment or
hospitalization; she opted against following a physical therapy program and seeking a
referral for pain management services; and she was able to engage in regular activities of
daily living. The Second Circuit has explained that “disability requires more than mere
inability to work without pain. To be disabling, pain must be so severe, by itself or in
conjunction with other impairments, as to preclude any substantial gainful employment.”
Dumas v. Schweiker, 712 F.2d 1545, 1552 (2d Cir. 1983); Craig v. Apfel, 212 F.3d 433,
436 (8th Cir. 2000) (“The mere fact that working may cause pain or discomfort does not
mandate a finding of disability.”). The record here supports the ALJ’s determination that
Lasitter’s impairments did not preclude any substantial gainful employment during the
alleged disability period.
3 Also significant, and distinguishable from this case, the claimant’s physician in Green-Younger
had a lengthy and involved treatment relationship with the claimant: at the time of the administrative
hearing, the doctor had coordinated the claimant’s care for over three years, during which time the
claimant underwent numerous physical examinations and diagnostic procedures. Green-Younger, 335
F.3d at 107. By the time of the appeal, the doctor had treated the claimant for eight years. Id. at n.11.
For these reasons, the Court DENIES Lasitter’s motion (Doc. 6), GRANTS the
Commissioner’s motion (Doc. 10), and AFFIRMS the decision of the Commissioner.
Dated at Burlington, in the District of Vermont, this 30th day of January, 2013.
/s/ John M. Conroy .
John M. Conroy
United States Magistrate Judge

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