Gardening Magazine

Plant of the Week: Hacquetia Epipactis

By Davis Landscape Architecture @DavisLandArch

Hacquetia epipactis (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Hacquetia epipactis (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Dappled shade to shade

Flowering period: Early spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 10cm

Eventual Spread: 30cm

Hardiness: 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a

Family: Apiaceae

Hacquetia epipactis is a low growing herbaceous perennial with a clump forming habit. Its mid green glossy leaves are orbicular with serrate margins, up to 6cm long and 3cm broad. Its yellow flowers are dense spherical umbels, up to 4cm across and appear just before the leave. Its roots are rhizomes which aids its spread.

Hacquetia epipactis, commonly known as , is native to central Europe. In its native habitat it grows in moist shady woodland settings. This plant is the only species within this genus.

The etymological root of the binomial name Hacquetia is named after Balthasar Hacquet (1735 – 1815), an Austrian physician and botanist. Epipactis is derived from the Greek epipaktis, a name used by Theophrastus.

The landscape architect may find Hacquetia epipactis useful as an effective ground cover in a woodland or shady setting.

Ecologically, Hacquetia epipactis flowers are attractive to pollination insects.

The Royal Horticultural Society has given Hacquetia epipactis their prestigious Award of Garden Merit in 1993.

Hacquetia epipactis Flower (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Hacquetia epipactis Flower (21/04/2013, Kew Gardens, London)

Hacquetia epipactis prefers moist, fertile, humus rich, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil.

Hacquetia epipactis requires little maintenance. Large clumps may be divided in early autumn or spring.

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