Current Magazine

Graphene Can Replace Indium Tin Oxide in Solar Cells

Posted on the 16 January 2014 by Dailyfusion @dailyfusion
Photovoltaic cells could benefit from transparent electrodes made from one-atom-thick sheets of carbon called graphene. Photovoltaic cells could benefit from transparent electrodes made from one-atom-thick sheets of carbon called graphene. (Credit: Flickr @ University of Salford http://www.flickr.com/photos/salforduniversity/)

Researchers believe that graphene, among its other applications in energy, could be used as a transparent electrode in photovoltaic cells, replacing a layer of indium tin oxide that is brittle and becoming increasingly expensive.

Wee Shing Koh of the A*STAR Institute of High Performance Computing in Singapore and co-workers have compared these two materials. They found that graphene outperforms indium tin oxide when used with solar cells that absorb a broad spectrum of light.

The wavelengths of light from the Sun have a range of intensities and deliver varying amounts of power. To maximize a photovoltaic device’s performance, its transparent electrode should have a low electrical resistance, while also transmitting light of the right wavelengths for the cells to absorb.

Square sheets of graphene produced by today’s chemical vapor deposition technology have an electrical resistance roughly four times that of a typical 100-nanometer-thick layer of indium tin oxide. Although adding more layers of graphene reduces its resistance, it also blocks more light. Koh and his co-workers calculated that four layers of graphene stacked together had the best chance of matching indium tin oxide’s performance.

Graphene has one key advantage over indium tin oxide: it allows more than 97% of light to pass through to the solar cell beneath, regardless of its wavelength. In contrast, indium tin oxide tends to block certain wavelengths more than others. Four-layer graphene is slightly more transparent at near-infrared wavelengths than indium tin oxide is, for example.

Koh and co-workers estimated how each material would affect a flexible organic solar cell that absorbs light with wavelengths of 350 to 650 nanometers. They found that four layers of graphene delivered only 92.3% of the power of an equivalent indium tin oxide electrode. When paired with another organic photovoltaic device that operates from 350 to 750 nanometers, thus making it more effective at absorbing near-infrared light, graphene almost matched indium tin oxide’s capabilities.

The researchers concluded that graphene would be ideally suited to photovoltaic cells with a very broad absorption range, such as a recently developed organic solar cell that can harvest light from 350 to 850 nanometers.

“With the refinement in the graphene manufacturing process, it would be possible for the sheet resistance of graphene to be an order of magnitude lower than the current state of the art,” says Koh. This would allow just one or two sheets of graphene to beat indium tin oxide on both conductivity and transparency, making graphene transparent electrodes much more widely applicable.

Wee Shing Koh, Choon How Gan, Wee Kee Phua, Akimov Y.A., Ping Bai (2013). The Potential of Graphene as an ITO Replacement in Organic Solar Cells: An Optical Perspective IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 20 (1) DOI: 10.1109/JSTQE.2013.2247976

You Might Also Like :

Back to Featured Articles on Logo Paperblog

These articles might interest you :

  • One Week

    Week

    It's been just over a week since we landed in Tashkent. The trip was uneventful, other than William acting like a typical 17-month old baby and keeping... Read more

    The 15 July 2018 by   Sherwoods
    FAMILY, PARENTING
  • Not Quite Eschatology

    Quite Eschatology

    Realized eschatology, if you’ll pardon my French, is a term that describes the “already/not yet” aspect of the “end of the world. Read more

    The 15 July 2018 by   Steveawiggins
    POLITICS, RELIGION, SOCIETY
  • 8 Lessons From The Field On Building A Premier Brand

    Lessons From Field Building Premier Brand

    Every new business dreams of becoming the premier brand in their space, like Starbucks is to coffee, and Apple is to consumer electronics, but they have no... Read more

    The 15 July 2018 by   Martin Zwilling
    BUSINESS, CAREER
  • Superhero Doll Hopes to Help Young Black Girls Beat Low Self Esteem

    Superhero Doll Hopes Help Young Black Girls Beat Self Esteem

    FirstLadyB | B Inspired By Entertainment News Young black girls battling lo... Read more

    The 15 July 2018 by   Firstladyb
    SPIRITUALITY
  • 5 of the Best Places in Glasgow for Ice Cream

    Best Places Glasgow Cream

    62 total views, 62 views today 5 of the Best Places in Glasgow for Ice Cream Whether it sunny or dull a “pokey hat” will always bring a smile to a face.  Here... Read more

    The 15 July 2018 by   Emma
    DESTINATIONS, DINING OUT, FOOD & DRINK
  • GoGoHares!

    GoGoHares!

    Following the flight of camp dragons, the parade of vivid jumbos and the troupe of panto gorillas in our midst comes an assortment of big-eared, bright-eyed... Read more

    The 15 July 2018 by   Jackscott
    DIARIES, EXPAT, SELF EXPRESSION
  • Brew the Perfect Iced Tea by TE-A-ME

    Brew Perfect Iced TE-A-ME

    Be it any season, staying hydrated is important and what better way to do so than by enjoying a nice cold glass of tea. Yes, make your water interesting by... Read more

    The 15 July 2018 by   Dr.jenifer Sayyed
    LIFESTYLE