Magazine

Crime Control & Criminalization‬ In The United States

Posted on the 21 May 2016 by Valerie Jenness @Valerie_Jenness

Crime Control & Criminalization by Valerie Jenness

Prison yard prisoners orange jumpsuits

Crime control in the U.S. is a complex labyrinth of politics, controversy, and intrigue. It has been addressed on political platforms, by religious institutions, and has been incorporated in multiple sociological studies. Though it is an ever-changing field of development, the main form of criminal punishment for nonviolent and violent offenders alike in the United States is incarceration, though recently, alternative methods have been suggested.

Incarceration

Many studies have been conducted concerning the overall effectiveness of incarceration in the United States. The fact that U.S. prisons lead the world in incarceration rates reflects an underlying, countrywide philosophy that it is effective in preventing crime   despite its potential problems.

Pros

Deterrence. This is the main argument by incarceration advocates. It is based on the idea that when crime rates go down significantly, this fact is always correlated with increased incarcerations (which is what occurred in the 1990s). Prisons have the ability put offenders in a position where they cannot harm anyone (except other inmates). In short, if offenders are behind bars, they cannot victimize innocent people. This also triggers a widespread deterrent effect on the would-be offenders. However, this argument is built on the assumption that offenders exercise rational judgment and are aware of the cost associated with particular criminal acts — which is not always the case.

Cons

Ineffective. One of the key criticisms of incarceration in crime control is that it leads to over-swelled institutions and inflicts heavy burden on courts and communities. There is also the concern that it triggers an endless cycle: prisoners will be locked up one day, released the next, locked up again, and so on. The whole system becomes a vortex of wasted money and time used by people in power to further agendas, rather than being an effective method of crime control.

Counterproductive. There is the additional point that incarceration does not address those offenders who are not “career criminals,” and that incarcerating such people will actually be counterproductive. After all, prisons are often seen as graduate schools for crime, a fact easily perceived by the states where recidivism rates go beyond 60 percent. Additionally, incarceration of nonviolent offenders destroys families; it places a label on the offender for the rest of their life and prevents them from finding jobs and supporting their loved ones in the future.

Alternative Solutions

While no one suggests that there is a single, easy solution for criminalization and crime control in the U.S., other theories have been put alongside incarceration as alternative methods of avoidance. Some of these ideas include effective gun control, decriminalization of illicit drugs, prevention of child abuse and neglect, amelioration of poverty, and intervention with at-risk youngsters.

Crime control and criminalization in the U.S. is a topic continually revisited by politicians and law enforcement. New studies arise every day that strive to place the country on the path towards a system that is effective, financially practical, and, most importantly, safe.

For more information about U.S. prison systems visit Valerie Jenness today!


You Might Also Like :

Back to Featured Articles on Logo Paperblog

These articles might interest you :

  • The Downside of Being A Writer

    Downside Being Writer

    Photo by Kaboompics .com on Pexels.com While there are so many pluses to being a writer—namely that we have the privilege of passionately telling stories throug... Read more

    The 22 July 2018 by   Steph's Scribe
    BOOKS, ENTERTAINMENT, SELF EXPRESSION
  • The Downside of Being A Writer

    Downside Being Writer

    Photo by Kaboompics .com on Pexels.com While there are so many pluses to being a writer—namely that we have the privilege of passionately telling stories throug... Read more

    The 22 July 2018 by   Steph's Scribe
    BOOKS, DIARIES, SELF EXPRESSION
  • Sukanya Basu Mallik Author of Shades Of Life #AuthorInterview @SukanyaMallik

    Before we start interacting with Sukanya Basu Mallik I want to share something with all that she shared with me over the email. Read more

    The 22 July 2018 by   Jaideep Khanduja
    DIARIES, SELF EXPRESSION
  • Fairchild Republic A-10C Thunderbolt II

    Fairchild Republic A-10C Thunderbolt

    @ General William J. Fox Airfield, Lancaster, CA March 2018 This clean-looking Warthog suns its belly at the 2018 Los Angeles County Airshow. Read more

    The 22 July 2018 by   Htam
    PHOTOGRAPHY, SOCIETY
  • Pineapple Pie

    Pineapple

    How are you all surviving these dog days of summer? I have discovered a sweet that will cool everyone down. Pineapple Pie. You can make it with canned... Read more

    The 22 July 2018 by   Kalamitykelli
    FOOD & DRINK, RECIPES
  • 10 Reasons To Market Yourself More Than A Great Idea

    Reasons Market Yourself More Than Great Idea

    Too many entrepreneurs I know still believe that that their great idea will carry the startup, and they may even minimize their own value, especially if they... Read more

    The 22 July 2018 by   Martin Zwilling
    BUSINESS, CAREER
  • Down Memory Lane to A Villa In Coimbatore

    Down Memory Lane Villa Coimbatore

    I was probably five years old when our joint family of 30+ members slowly started dispersing. Marriages, new jobs, job transfers-all the usual things. We lived... Read more

    The 22 July 2018 by   Vidyasury
    DIARIES