Gardening Magazine

Abies Holophylla

By Davis Landscape Architecture @DavisLandArch

Abies holophylla (07/12/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Abies holophylla (07/12/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Position: Full sun to light shade

Flowering period: Spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 30m

Eventual Spread: 10m

Hardiness: 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b

Family: Pinaceae

Abies holophylla is an evergreen coniferous tree with a conical habit. Its glossy mid green leaves are needle like and flattened, up to 4cm long and 2.5mm broad. Its trunk may achieve a diameter of up to 1m and its grey/ brown bark is scaly. Its male flowers are pale yellow pollen cones. Its fruit are upright cones, up to 14cm long, 5cm across, green when young, maturing to light brown.

Abies holophylla Leaf (07/12/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Abies holophylla Leaf (07/12/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Abies holophylla, commonly known as Manchurian Fir or Needle Fir, is native to north east China, south east Russia and north Korea. In its native habitat it grows in in mixed mountain woodlands.

The etymological root of the binomial name Abies is derived from the ancient Latin name for the Fir tree. Holophylla is derived from the Greek olos meaning ‘entire’ and and phyllon meaning ‘leaf’.

Abies holophylla Bark (07/12/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

Abies holophylla Bark (07/12/2015, Kew Gardens, London)

The landscape architect may find Abies holophylla useful as an attractive ornamental evergreen tree suitable for parkland settings.

Ecologically, Abies holophylla seeds are attractive to some birds.

Abies holophylla prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil. It dislikes dry soils.

Abies holophylla requires little maintenance.

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