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The Titans – Powerful Deities That Ruled During the Legendary Golden AgeP

By Vikasacharya
The Titans – Powerful deities that ruled during the legendary Golden AgeP

Titan, in Greek religion and mythology, one of 12 primeval deities. According to Greek mythology, the Titans were a race of primordial, powerful deities that ruled during the legendary Golden Age. The Titans were created by Gaea, the goddess of the Earth and Uranus, the god of the Heaven who embraced Gaea strongly with his starry coat. Gaea and Uranus became the first divine couple of the World. THE TITANES were six elder gods named Kronos, Koios, Krios, Iapetos, Hyperion and Okeanos, ons of Ouranos (Sky) and Gaia (Earth), who ruled the cosmos before the Olympians came to power. When their father was king he imprisoned six giant brothers of the Titanes-the Kyklopes and Hekatonkheires-in the belly of Earth. Gaia was incensed and incited her Titan sons to rebel. Led by Kronos, five of the six brothers, laid an ambush for their father, seizing hold of him as he descended to lie upon Earth. Four of them-Hyperion, Krios, Koios and Iapetos-were posted at the four corners of the earth to hold Sky fast, while Kronos in the centre castrated him with an adamantine sickle. After they had seized control of the cosmos, the Titanes released their storm giant brothers from Gaia's belly, only to lock them away shortly afterwards in the pit of Tartaros. Rhea was a goddess of female fertility, motherhood, generation, comfort and ease. She was the wife and sister of Cronus, and the mother of three sons: Zeus, Poseidon and Hades, and three daughters: Hera, Demeter and Hestia. Zeus would later overthrow his father and rule from Mount Olympus. Rhea conspired with her mother Gaia to hide Zeus from Cronus when he was born. When she returned to Cronus, she gave him a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes, which he promptly swallowed, thinking that it was his newborn son. Zeus later did overthrow his father and forced him to disgorge his siblings. Oceanus was the god of the Earth-encircling river Okeanos, which was the source of all fresh water, including rivers, springs, wells and rain clouds. He also controlled the rising and setting of all heavenly bodies, which were believed to descend into his watery realm at the ends of the Earth. His wife was Tethys. Tethys was a goddess of the sources of fresh water that nourish the Earth. Her husband was Oceanus. Their children were the Potamoi (river gods) and Okeanides (nymphs of springs and fountains) and the Nephelai (clouds). She fed her children's streams by drawing water from her husband through underground caverns or aquifers. Her name is derived from "nurse" or "grandmother." She and her husband brought up Hera. Hyperion was the god of light, and the father of the lights of the sky. Theia was goddess of sight and the aether, the shining blue of the sky. She was mother to Helios (Sun), Selene (Moon) and Eos (dawn). Mnemosyne was the goddess of memory and remembrance and the inventor of language and words. Themis was the goddess of divine law and order. She was also prophetic, and presided over the oracle at Delphi. Coeus was the god of intelligence, wisdom and deep searching questions. He was known for probing the limits of knowledge. Phoebe was the goddess of wise counsel and thoughtful replies. Crius was the god of the heavenly constellations and the measure of the year.Iapetus was the god of morality and the allotment of the mortal lifespan. Like several of his siblings, he was a god of time.


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