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Shwedagon Pagoda - Sacred Pagoda of Myanmar

By Khanhpv

Gorgeous gold and decorated with diamonds, gemstones, the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon is one of the beautiful and the most sacred Buddhist pagoda in Myanmar.

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Long history 
According to legend, the Shwedagon Pagoda more than 2,500 history. However, archaeologists estimate the work started was built centuries 6. Temple appeared in historical documents from 1485, when the traditional gilded Buddha towers formed. Members often the same quantity royal gold or many times with my weight for gold leaf inlaid on the tower.

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Shwedagon has been rebuilt several times due to damage from natural disasters and wars. Through many times as the 1769 earthquake, the early 20th century and a major fire in 1931, the Shwedagon pagoda still stands on the hilltop. The temple is regarded as the symbol of national unity, of national identity. This is the place where political activity in the process of independence of Myanmar. 
Shwedagon pagoda is the sacred destination of Myanmar.
This is the most sacred Buddhist Myanmar. The monks, families and Buddhists consider the pilgrimage to Shwedagon Pagoda just as Muslims recognize the need to Mecca once in a lifetime. 4 treasures preserved temple to Buddhists: stick Kakusandha Buddha, Buddha filter device Verse Na Ham, piece of Kassapa Buddha, and 8 hairs Shakyamuni 
Architectural treasures 

Shwedagon Pagoda - Sacred pagoda of Myanmar

Spread over 50,000 m2 area, Shwedagon Pagoda was built on the sacred hill Singuttara, with the highest tower of up to 99m. Standing from anywhere in the city, you can also see this impressive construction. The Government issued regulations buildings built in the city of Yangon area should not exceed the height of the Shwedagon Pagoda (including the ground is 160 m).
The whole area has towers Pagoda Buddhist gold inlaid with exquisite architecture, but the huge main tower is still the center of attention of all believers and tourists. A carpeted walkway around the tower to help people to avoid the rock pagoda hot under the sun, so all must take off shoes from the entrance. 

Tower is located on a square base of 6.4 meters above the ground, stand out in comparison with the surrounding towers. Around the main tower has four smaller towers in four directions and more than 60 small towers scattered. The total height of the tower is 99 m. The tower has a large gold bell the whole, each year re-plated bell a new layer.

Part canopy tower has 7 floors, covered in gold and weighs over 1 ton, decorated with gold bells, silver bells and precious stones. The top floor is inlaid with more than 1,100 diamonds, 1,383 precious stones. Top of the tower has a ball mounted diamond 4351, the top is a huge park up to 76 carats. 

The area around the tower and other major Buddhist stupas with prayer halls, temples and sculptures. Religious populations this quiet space, with the area around a green, yellow, accentuating the magnificence of the temple. 

Women in Buddhist Myanmar 

At Shwedagon Pagoda, only monks and men new to the substrate section in the main tower terrace. However, limiting women in religious works is fairly common in Myanmar.

The majority of Buddhist temples do not allow women near Buddha statues or stupas, as the front area Mahar tower or pagoda Inle MYAT Ni Mu Daw Oo Smooth for men only. Women are also not allowed to directly paste gold leaf on some religious works, but through men, as the Golden Rock Pagoda. 

The rule to remember when the pagoda in Myanmar 

Upon entering Shwedagon Pagoda or any public temple in Myanmar, travelers need to remember some important principles. First of all, you can not wear sleeveless shirts and shorts, it is best to dress smartly (not expose the chest, penetrating or not wearing leggings). Also, you need to cover shoulders and knees, remove shoes and socks before entering the temple.

Travelers should avoid making noise, do not turn your back to the Buddha whether to photograph, to respect the monks and local people. Women travelers can not touch monks. If you want to celebrate Mass or donated to the monks, you have to use both hands.


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