Gardening Magazine

Plant of the Week: Bergenia Purpurascens

By Davis Landscape Architecture @DavisLandArch


Bergenia purpurascens (21/01/2012, Kew, London)

Bergenia purpurascens (21/01/2012, Kew, London)

Position: Full sun to shade

Flowering period: Spring

Soil: Moist, well drained

Eventual Height: 0.4m

Eventual Spread: 0.4m

Hardiness: 4a – 7b

Family: Saxifragaceae

Bergenia purpurascens is a clump forming, evergreen herbaceous perennial. Its leathery leaves are erect, oval, dark green in summer becoming beetroot red in winter months. The dark pink hermaphrodite flowers are cone shaped and produced in spring. They are produced on a stem similar in color to a rhubarb stalk. The roots of this plant are rhizomatous and will spread slowly.

Bergenia purpurascens, commonly known as Purple Bergenia, Chinese Bergenia or Elephant Ears, is native to central Asia.

The etymological root of the binomial name Bergenia was named after Karl August von Bergen, an 18th century German physician and botanist. Purpurascens is derived from the Latin purpureus ‘purple’ and essentia ‘essence’.

Bergenia purpurascens leaf (21/01/2012, Kew, London)

Bergenia purpurascens leaf (21/01/2012, Kew, London)

The landscape architect may find Bergenia purpurascens useful as an effective low growing, evergreen, ground cover plant, particularly in shady, cool locations. Once established this plant will tolerate short periods of drought and exposed conditions.

Ecologically B. purpurascens is attractive to bees and butterflies who pollinate the plant.

The Royal Horticultural Society has given B. purpurascens their prestigious Award of Garden Merit in 1993.

B. purpurascens prefers moist, humus rich, well-drained soils. It tolerates most pH of soil. It will tolerate poor soils.

B. purpurascens requires little maintenance. Large clumps of this plant may be divided in autumn or spring.


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