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Kenya’s Dazzling Marine Life: Where to Snorkel in Watamu

By Diaryofamuzungu @CharlieBeau

Seventh Heaven isn’t up in the sky, it’s here in the warm Indian Ocean waters of Watamu, Kenya, an hour and a half drive’s north of Mombasa. This is the Muzungu’s guide on where to snorkel in Watamu. If you think Kenya’s wildlife is just about the Big Five, then think again. Even now, conservationists are still exploring and discovering new species in Kenya’s ocean, of dolphins and whales, and the tiniest prettiest little creatures: nudibranchs. Read on, Kenya’s marine life will amaze you…

Snorkeling Watamu beach Kenya Diary of a Muzungu

Diary of a Muzungu hits Kenya’s Indian Ocean coast. Watamu, what a place… !

What a treat! Today I’m being taken on a snorkeling safari by a zoologist and a marine biologist.

At Hemingway’s Watamu I’m taken aback when a handsome (virtually) naked man jumps out of his car to greet me and Steve from the Watamu Marine Association. What a welcome! (I try not to stare). Our zoologist and professional snorkeling guide Richard is simply dressed in swimming shorts, ready for the beach. Life in Kampala has made me a total townie.

The weather is intensely hot. We have arrived during a heatwave, sweating all the way from Nairobi to Mombasa on the legendary Lunatic Express train.

Snorkel Watamu, Kenya, low tide beach

The dramatic marine colours complement the contours of the exposed reef at low tide in Watamu

The swim out to the main snorkeling area of The Larder is not quick! I am following two seasoned marine experts, read ‘strong swimmers,’ who are effortlessly doing front crawl for 100 metres. I am honoured but humbled too. (Will I keep up with them? I ask myself as they plough ahead of me).

The Larder gets its name from ‘the old days’ when the plentiful fish attracted spear fishing for food. Spear fishing is no longer allowed. Watamu Marine Park and Reserve is a nationally protected area; now the only things we take are memories and photos.

The three of us are never more than 20 metres apart. I’m incredibly lucky to have these two experts guide me around the reef and point out the new fish. (It is also quite fun to spot new fish on my own!)

I find myself in an open sandy area of the ocean, fringed by long dark seagrass. There is little else to see until … a sudden, large movement along the sandy edge of the seagrass: A SHARK! It’s a small one, around a metre long. No sooner have I spotted it, than it wiggles off into the distance. Richard and Steve later confirm that I have seen a Blacktipped Reef Shark.

Blacktipped Reef Shark, snorkel Watamu

A shy Blacktipped Reef Shark, snorkeling in Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre

According to the Coral Reef Fishes book, the Blacktipped Reef Shark “lives on reef flats and margins. They can measure up to 180 cm long. It is easily frightened but known to mistakenly bite waders’ feet.” Oo er….

Hawksbill Turtle. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre Watamu

Hawksbill Turtles are commonly seen in Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre

Above the water, Richard shouts “Let’s look here. Sometimes we see turtles here.”

When Steve and Jane first arrived in Watamu, they worked for Watamu Turtle Watch. I haven’t seen any turtles yet on this trip. No worries there, I know I will revisit Watamu!

We see a number of rays, disc-shaped flat fish, half submerged in the sand. As we approach, their panic throws up a flurry of sand and they speed off into the distance. When we see them from the surface of the water, they appear pale brown. When I dive down for a closer look, I see why they are called Bluespotted Ribbontail Ray.

Bluespotted Ribbontail Ray. Scene from Finding Nemo

Nemo’s first day at school. Nemo is accompanied by a Bluespotted Ribbontail Ray

snorkel Watamu Damselfish, Angelfish Butterflyfish

Watamu’s warm tropical waters are alive with dozens of species of Damselfish, Angelfish and Butterflyfish

Steve points to a Batfish, an elegant tall fish, shaped like a human hand. Something about its demeanour makes it look very serious.

We see Porcupine fish, Whitespotted puffer and Trevallys. You don’t need to know the names of every fish you see though. Just watching these gorgeous creatures, and enjoying the play of colour, movement and light is fascinating. It’s a kind of meditation.

Blue-striped Snapper Watamu snorkeling

We swam through shoals of shimmering yellow Blue-striped Snapper. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre

It’s the tiny wrasses and nudibranchs that are the most colourful. The splendid vibrant little wrasse fish weave between the larger fish, and in and out of small crevices and rocks. The sunlit water comes to life with their colour and movement. Many of these fish appear familiar to me. They are the kind that were once popular in British doctors’ waiting rooms! (Imagine the glum life that awaits the poor fish that is plucked out of the tropical ocean and exported to a sanitized life in an aquarium. Many don’t even last the journey from sea to aquariam).

The stunningly beautiful – and tiny – Nudibranch are in a world part! Photos thanks to Turtle Bay Dive Centre, Watamu.

Nudibranch. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre
Spanish Dancer Nudibranch. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre
Nudibranch. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre
Chromodoris Gleniei nudibranch. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre
Nudibranch. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre
<img src="" alt="Nudibranch. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre" /><img src="" alt="Spanish Dancer Nudibranch. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre" /><img src="" alt="Nudibranch. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre" /><img src="" alt="Chromodoris Gleniei nudibranch. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre" /><img src="" alt="Nudibranch. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre" />

We pause at the surface of the water for a moment and Richard removes his breathing tube to explain that The Larder is known as a cleaning station. “Fish come from miles around to this particular section of the reef. Here the Cleaner Wrasse remove (and eat) the parasites from larger fish.”

The three of us pause at the overhang of some coral rock. Richard dives down and points. I realise he must be pointing at something new but I can’t see it. He tells me he can just spot the fish’s dorsal fin sticking out of the seaweed. (All I can see is something that looks a bit like a dog-eaten credit card!) It is a pale olive green with vibrant white edging, sitting perfectly still.


Really? Was I really here? … Diary of a Muzungu checks out the reef fish of Watamu’s Coral Gardens on my first snorkeling exploration. Where to snorkel in Watamu

I dive down for a closer look. It takes me several attempts before I realise that the ‘dog-eaten credit card’ is actually ‘the spot of the day’! Richard seems quite excited when we talk about it later. It turns out that it is a Leaf Scorpionfish (Triacanthus taeniatus).

Leaf Scorpionfish Watamu

The clever camouflage of the Leaf Scorpionfish (Taenianotus triacanthus) made it very difficult to see. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre

Scorpion Fish. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre

Scorpion Fish, another master at camouflage! Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre

Pink Leaf Fish. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre

At least if you see a bright Pink Leaf Fish on a different coloured background, it is recognisably fish-like! Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre

Watamu Marine Park and Reserve once had a dazzling array of colourful corals. The fish are evidence of that. You can still see a wide variety of coral shapes and structures but, for the most part, their colour has faded. I glimpse small patches of pink, orange and yellow. It was the El Niño of 1997-98 that devastated the majority of the corals here. In places you can even see the scorch marks of bleaching made by the abnormally high ocean surface temperatures.

Will the coral ever recover? 

For the last three years, conservation organisations A Rocha Kenya and Kenya Wildlife Service have been carrying out research into the health of the coral. They have seen good recovery of the coral in a number of areas in Watamu Marine National Park. However, the coral will take decades to recover to its former splendour. There is hope for the future but climate change is always a looming threat.

Back on our snorkeling safari… we swim back to land after what is (unbelievably) one and a half hours snorkeling. I’ve been so caught up in the whole experience, I’ve completely lost the concept of time. Only my shriveled ‘prune-like’ fingertips are the tell-tale sign of my being in the sea for a long time.

In the shallows, approaching the beach, I see a long thin stretch of colour in a small sandy crevice. Is it a fish or is it a bit of plastic? As I watch, it turns in a circle, dives in the hole and pokes its head out of the front. It waves its tiny teeth menacingly at me in a characteristic Moray Eel fashion. It has a pale body, with pale brown / pink freckles on it and tiny yellow freckles on its face. Is it a Ribbon Eel? Was it a Sharptail Eel?

Honeycomb Moray Eel. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre

Honeycomb Moray Eel. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre

Banded Snake Eel. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre

Banded Snake Eel. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre

Moray Eeels. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre

Pair of undeniably ugly Moray Eeels. Snorkel Watamu. Photo Turtle Bay Dive Centre

Watamu’s beach is a wonder in itself. It is whiter than white. The sand is softer than talcum powder. During the day it is burning hot under your feet too!


A very happy media team, after our glass bottom boat and snorkeling adventure of 2015. A big thumbs-up to Professor Wolfgang Thome, pictured right. He introduced the muzungu, Africa Travel Association travel writer friends and Kenya Tourism Board to the Watamu Marine Association and all their wonderful community tourism initiatives

Keeping the beach clean requires teamwork. The Watamu Marine Association has devised a comprehensive beach clean-up and recycling programme which is a win-win for the whole community.

Local people are employed to keep the beach clean. The plastic rubbish is recycled at the award-winning recycling centre. From there, some fabulously innovative recycled plastic products are made for tourists to buy in local lodges and hotels. (Needless to say, anyone who visits the beach is asked to take their rubbish home with them as well!)

Top tips for snorkelling and scuba diving in Watamu

The best time of day for snorkeling: figure out the tides first. The best time to snorkel is when the tide is halfway out.


Glass bottom boats anchored next to the Coral Gardens, the popular snorkeling area of Watamu


Boats moored in the deep waters beyond the reef off Watamu beach

When the tide is out, there may not be enough water to snorkel. When the tide is in, you will be too far above the reef to see the fish beneath them. As the tide comes in, the water can be cloudy as it’s full of sand.

Think about how far you have to walk or swim before you reach the most interesting part of the reef. Do you have to get a boat there?

scuba diving with Turtle Bay Dive Centre and Water Sports Watamu

Next time I hope this will be me! Scuba diving with Turtle Bay Dive Centre and Water Sports Watamu

The fee to snorkel or scuba dive in Watamu Marine Park and Reserve is 150 KES (Kenyans); 350 KES (all other East Africans citizens); $20/15 (non-residents / tourists adult and child). This fee is payable daily to the Kenya Wildlife Service.

Buy or borrow a copy of Myers and Lieske’s “Coral Reef Fishes Princeton Pocket Guide.” I need to relearn the body parts of a fish (it will make it easier to explain to your guide what you have seen and what you are asking for help in identifying).

Myers and Lieske’s “Coral Reef Fishes Princeton Pocket Guide

Buy or borrow a copy of Myers and Lieske’s “Coral Reef Fishes Princeton Pocket Guide”

Don’t forget to apply high factor sunscreen. It’s a good idea to wear a T-shirt and even a scarf to protect the back of your neck (or your bald head, Steve!) You can easily lose track of time and not feel the hot sun – until you’re writhing in pain from sunburn a few hours later!
Do not touch the coral, ever. Simply touching it can damage it. Coral takes many years to grow. If you’re a snorkeling novice, don’t wear fins.
Go snorkeling and scuba diving with a knowledgeable local guide. Turtle Bay Dive Center in Watamu can be contacted on +254 (0)733 295487.

I didn’t see dolphins but I did on a previous trip with the Watamu Marine Association!

dolphin watching with Watamu Marine Association WMA Kenya

Beyond snorkeling… Watamu’s marine life is incredible! The Watamu Marine Association monitor and catalogue the mammal marine life and organise dolphin and whale watching trips

Special thanks to Esther Steiger for the beautiful fish photos.

Good practice guidelines for snorkeling, courtesy of Watamu Marine Association

Your safety and protection of the marine environment should be your number one consideration. Keep your head in the water and feet at the surface at all times when you are in the coral areas.

Fins can be very destructive to the coral. Snorkel without fins unless the water is deep and you are covering a large distance.

Don’t step on the coral. This will kill it. Stepping on coral can also lead to nasty cuts. Bacteria and algae living in the coral can easily enter wounds.

Do not touch, damage or remove coral. It is a fragile living organism, which takes many years to form. The coral is also host to many rare and endangered vertebrate and invertebrate species.

Never touch, chase or harass the wildlife or marine life.

It is illegal to remove shells, starfish or any other sea-flora and fauna, as it disrupts the ecosystem. Empty shells provide homes for hermit crabs and some fishes. Leave them in the ocean.

Hand feeding of fish is discouraged. Certain species are dangerous; it also disrupts natural feeding patterns.

This is the Muzungu’s first sub-aqua blog. On land, I carry a pen and notebook – the ubiquitous ‘diary,’ my voice recorder, camera, binoculars and guidebooks … Underwater, there is no equipment, it’s just me. I try hard to remember everything I’m seeing. I want to take in the different shapes and colours, the sizes of the silver fish, the numbers of yellow fish. It is also liberating too. I am just there to enjoy the moment in all its vibrancy.

Being among the reef fish brings back many happy family memories. I can never be in the sea without thinking of my sister and the hours, days and weeks we have shared as kids, face down in the water, looking, pointing and diving down for a closer look.

Underwater, even only half submerged, we mostly lose the sense of sound. It’s a pleasure to disconnect from the world and immerse myself in an alternative one. I realize what a leveler this is for my deaf sister. While snorkeling or diving, we experience the same world.

I think how one day we must come snorkelling and scuba-diving here together in Watamu…

Parrotfish via Uncyclopedia

Let’s see who’s actually reading this! Parrotfish via Uncyclopedia.

Have you been snorkeling in Watamu? Scuba diving, Stand Up Paddling, dolphin watching, whale watching, bird watching, sunset cruises on a dhow and kitesurfing are just some of the fab range of activities on offer!

Watch this short clip “Watamu Kenya Naturally, A Community Welcomes You”and imagine yourself in Watamu…

Read more about the Watamu Marine Association and keep up-to-date with new marine activities, and updates on the migration of dolphins and whales. In future blogs, I’ll be talking about their groundbreaking plastic ‘marine debris’ recycling project and the must-visit Crab Shack at Dabaso Mida Creek.
Watamu Marine Association on Facebook
Watamu Marine Association on Twitter
Watamu Marine Association on Instagram


East Africa, Kenya, Watamu


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