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How The Bible Shapes Contemporary Attitudes To Rape And Sexual Assault

Posted on the 03 May 2017 by Loup Dargent @loup_dargent

"Kushner's words continue this not-so-grand tradition of victim blaming. Kushner suggests that women who do not exhibit "disinhibited behaviour" by abstaining from alcohol are better able to fight off men with "evil intentions". What is key here is that moderating women's behaviour does not do anything to address the issue of rape or dismantle rape culture. It just shifts the collective social responsibility to prevent rape and sexual assault to that of individual women..."

How The Bible Shapes Contemporary Attitudes To rape And Sexual Assault

David seducing Bathsheba, Anonymous.By Katie Edwards, University of Sheffield and Emma Nagouse, University of Sheffield

A retiring judge recently faced Kushner's comments were met with a mixed response. Some praised her for using her final speech before stepping down from the bench as a gesture of concern and warning to women who, she believes, make themselves more vulnerable to rape after consuming alcohol. Others, Unfortunately, Kushner is As a deeply influential cultural document, the Bible has a lot to say when it comes to attitudes around sex,
accusations of victim blaming when she used her final courtroom case as a plea to women to " protect themselves" from rapists by staying sober. Judge Lindsey Kushner restated these views in including representatives from Rape Crisis and some feminist activists, see these comments as acutely dangerous - comments that encourage and affirm attitudes of victim-blaming which, in turn, perpetuate the stereotypes that underpin far from the only judge in a sexual assault case to comment on the "irresponsible" or " Biblical attitudes to rape provocative" behaviour of shame and gender identity. Rape is endemic in the Bible (both literally and metaphorically) and, more often than not, functions as a conduit for male competition and a tool to uphold patriarchy. women and girls. rape culture. a television interview on Good Morning Britain, asking, " why shouldn't you say - be aware ladies?" Bible Shapes Contemporary Attitudes Rape Sexual Assault

For example, A common thread in the biblical text is that A case in point is another "How The Bible Shapes Contemporary Attitudes To rape And Sexual Assault
David's rape of Bathsheba is echoed in his son Amnon's rape of half-sister Tamar, and his son women are responsible for maintaining their sexual "purity". This is not in the interests of their own well-being, but to ensure that as male property, women remain "undamaged". This seems to be a no-win situation. The consequence for Dinah, who To blame for one's beauty transgresses social boundaries by going " very beautiful" biblical woman, Susanna. Susanna is the subject of an attempted rape by two elders, who spy on her while she's bathing before conspiring to coerce her into sex: out to meet the women of the land", is rape. Women who do fulfil feminine ideals, such as Bathsheba, who is described as " very beautiful", tend to attract negative, often violent, male sexual attention. Absalom's rape of David's ten concubines. And in Judges 21, the Benjaminites are "saved from extinction" through the mass rape of women from Jabesh-gilead and Shiloh.
In other words, one way or another, women are constantly implicitly blamed, both in the Bible and in contemporary culture, for their rape.

Look the garden doors are shut, and no one can see us. We are burning with desire for you; so give your consent, and lie with us. If you refuse, we will testify against you that a young man was with you, and this was why you sent your maids away.

In the biblical text, Susanna's beauty is to blame for attracting the attentions of the elders. In a plotline that's In his successful defence of her and condemnation of the elders, Daniel says: " echoed in today's court rooms, Susanna's testimony isn't believed and her sexual conduct is brought into question. It takes a man, Daniel, to advocate for her and to rescue her from execution after she refuses the elders' offer. Beauty has beguiled you and lust has perverted your heart." Here, as so often in contemporary society, rape and sexual assault are linked to the attractiveness of women rather than a violent crime of power and control. Even in art, Susanna is implicitly blamed for being targeted. As the critic John Berger has observed, Susanna, like Bathsheba, is often depicted looking at herself in a mirror while she's bathing:

The mirror was often used as a symbol of the vanity of woman. The moralising, however, was mostly hypocritical. You painted a naked woman because you enjoyed looking at her, you put a mirror in her hand and you called the painting Vanity, thus morally condemning the woman whose nakedness you had depicted for your own pleasure.

Kushner's words continue this not-so-grand tradition of Women who do not agree to self-police are
How The Bible Shapes Contemporary Attitudes To rape And Sexual Assault
victim blaming. Kushner suggests that blamed for others' actions. What Kushner is giving isn't " just advice" or " common sense"; it reduces rape to a choice: choose for someone else to be targeted for attack rather than yourself. women who do not exhibit " disinhibited behaviour" by abstaining from alcohol are better able to fight off men with " evil intentions". What is key here is that moderating women's behaviour does not do anything to address the issue of rape or dismantle rape culture. It just shifts the collective social responsibility to prevent rape and sexual assault to that of individual women.
Rather than continuing to judge women for their behaviour, perhaps it's time we started to judge a society that blames women for rape.

About Today's Contributors:
Katie Edwards, Director SIIBS, University of Sheffield and Emma Nagouse, PhD Candidate in Interdisciplinary Biblical Studies, University of Sheffield


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