Culture Magazine

Anubis and His Emblems

By Egyking
Anubis The Ancient Egyptian god and his Emblems
Who is Anubis?
He is the Inventor of Mummification and the Guardian of the Necropolis. They made him the Guardian of the Necropolis because he is a jackal and the jackal used to prowl in the tombs so they were afraid that he might corrupt the mummies. This is why they worshipped him as a god to avoid his harm.
Anubis and his Emblems
God Anubis' main cult center is the jackal Nome, 17th Nome El Keis nowadays. He has several duties. He is the one who escorts the deceased to the hall of the last judgment. He supervised the mummification process of god Osiris, so everybody wished him to be present during his mummification process to help him like he did with god Osiris. Additionally, God Anubis was responsible of checking the beams of the scale n the scene of the last judgment and determining the verdict. He is also the counter of the hearts.
God Anubis in the early dynastic myths was regarded as the son of God Re. Afterwards he was considered to be the son of Godess Nephtys from an illegal relationship with god Osiris. But goddess Nephtys neglected him out of her fear from Seth, so he was raised by goddess Isis(who  taught him important things: how to understand the human speech, some magical powers and some knowledge of medicine. Anubis and his EmblemsTherefore, God Anubis was very famous to the Ancient Egyptians. The Emblem of Anubis is comprised of two parts: The upper part is wooden and gilded, consisting of a pole ending with a closed lotus flower and tied to it a headless inflated-animal's skin, suspended by the tail to the pole, ending with a papyrus flower.
The second part is the Alabaster Vessel which was supposed to contain ointments. The alabaster vessel was inscribed with hieroglyphic inscriptions giving the names and titles of king Tut and God Anubis. And another god, his name is Imy-Wt. And they believed that there was another divinity or another god identified with god Anubis and his name was Imy-Wt, which means he who is in his wrappings (or bandages). And when the determinative of it is city then it means he who is in the embalming tent or city. But when the determinative is not a city, or when there is no determinative then it means he who is in his wrappings or he who is in his placenta. This god appeared in the early dynastic period and was identified with god Anubis and appeared with him and had all the qualities and the titles of god Anubis. But, we found for him an identical fetish which is called the Emblem (or Fetish) of God Imy-Wt. It was found near the Pyramid of King Senusert I at El-Lisht, by the Metropolitan museum of art. It was a real emblem, for the fact that it was made of real inflated animal skin which was padded by linen pads. And it was wrapped with sheets of linen. That is why they called him he who is in his wrappings, because his main emblem was wrapped with linen sheets. And the vessel contained a bluish ointment and we still have traces of this liquid until nowadays in the alabaster vessel. And they believed that this one was real because of the inflated animal skin. 
Anubis and his Emblems
Concerning these two emblems they were either known as the emblems of god Imy-Wt or the emblems of Anubis. As both divinities were identified together so, we cannot differentiate between both emblems. But until nowadays all scholars still suggest that they may be the emblems of resurrection in the tomb of king Tut.
Emblem of Anubis
Today, we are going to deal with these show-cases, which house two emblems, known as the Emblems of Anubis. They are found directly behind the camping bed, which was considered to be one of the interesting items found in the tomb of King Tut Ankh Amun. 
Anubis and his Emblems
Why did we call it the Emblem of Anubis?
They are very important and mysterious emblems. They called them the Fetish of Anubis or the Emblem of Anubis. The Fetish, means something which has magical powers or a spirit, which the one can deal with or even worship. It is not like the god , but it can only help him during his life-time.
Concerning these emblems, the main function is obscure. And until nowadays we do not know for sure what is the main function for these emblems. But the scholars had suggested two opinions : The First One relating it to god Osiris, while the second relating it to the Heb-Sed Festival.
The first group of scholars said that the emblem appeared in the scene of the last judgment nearby god Osiris. But it was only one emblem, not two. And they said that it might be related to resurrection or to the scene of the last judgment. So it was presented to ensure that the deceased will be resurrected or that he will pass safely.
The second group of scholars said that they were found inside the burial chamber, and we said before when Howard Carter opened the wall and got into the burial chamber he found that the outermost shrine was very huge and occupied all the room to the extent that he thought it was leading to another room. But we found these two emblems, one in the north-western corner and the other in the south-western corner. 
So they related the function to the place of discovery and they suggested that it might be related to the Heb-Sed Festival, as the outermost shrine is taking the shape of the Heb-Sed pavilion so they said they were two emblems one to the north and the other to the south corner as a certain indication to the Heb-Sed festival. And as King Tut Ankh Amun didn't live long to witness the Heb-Sed festival, he wished to celebrate it in the after-life. We said that these emblems are known as the Emblems of Anubis.

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