Eco-Living Magazine

Redefining the Recharge

Posted on the 08 April 2011 by 2ndgreenrevolution @2ndgreenrev

Redefining the RechargeOne of the most difficult issues keeping electric cars from taking off is the fact that electric cars just don’t have the energy capacity of conventional fossil fuel cars. The limited range of electric cars and long recharge times means only a specialized group of people can utilize fully electric cars, while the rest of us still need fossil fuel-burning cars. This issue has temporarily been mediated by employing electric hybrid cars, but the issue of using fossil fuel cars still exists.

Paul Braun and scientists at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, have created a new method of building batteries that will have the energy capacity of a battery, but the discharge and recharge rates of a capacitor. Current capacitors have the ability to recharge and discharge rapidly, but cannot hold very much energy, while batteries can hold a lot of energy, but cannot be recharged very quickly. Braun’s new batteries have the energy storage of a battery with the recharge rates of a capacitor.

Typical batteries are made up of two electrodes, a cathode and an anode, and a liquid electrolyte connecting the two electrodes. The difference with Braun’s new battery compared to currently produced batteries is the creation of a three-dimensional scaffolding, similar to a sponge, that increases the surface area for ions to attach, but maintains close proximity between anode and cathode so the ions do not need to travel far during discharge and recharge. Creating this framework is accomplished by packing tiny polystyrene spheres together and filling in the gaps between the spheres with nickel. After that, the polystyrene spheres are melted away, leaving a framework of nickel which can then be coated with active material to create a cathode. Electrolyte fluid then fills in the gaps inside the nickel scaffolding and active material. The end result is high surface area for ions to attach, but short distance between cathode and anode, thus allowing rapid movement of ions between the two electrodes. This quick movement of ions between the electrodes is what brings fast discharge and recharge. If applied to electric cars, recharge times that once took an entire night can be reduced to a few minutes, similar to the amount of time it takes people to fill up their gas tank.

In order to use these new batteries, however, new techniques of delivering such high amperage without damaging electrical systems must be figured out. Beefing up electrical systems to deal with the high amperage may be easier with small devices like phones, but more difficult with larger devices, like cars. But if systems that can safely handle the amperage needed to recharge at such fast rates can be created, there are few reasons left to why electric cars don’t prove conventional fossil fuel cars obsolete.

Image Source


You Might Also Like :

Back to Featured Articles on Logo Paperblog

These articles might interest you :

  • Artisanal Skincare Holy Basil Cleansing and Toning Water Review

    Artisanal Skincare Holy Basil Cleansing Toning Water Review

    As we all know how important the toning step is in our regular CTM routine. Lately I have been loving floral waters or hydrosols as toners and so far I have... Read more

    9 hours, 4 minutes ago by   Skincarevilla
    HAIR & BEAUTY
  • Soon By You Episode 4: The Dates | Soon By You (video)

    Soon Episode Dates (video)

    David and Sarah finally go on their first date. Jacobs explores foreign avenues for a love connection and Noa, Ben, and Z take up volunteering. Read more

    10 hours, 21 minutes ago by   Gldmeier
    RELIGION, SOCIETY, SPIRITUALITY
  • Locaflea Summer Jam 2017 Starts Today in Ahmedabad

    Locaflea Summer 2017 Starts Today Ahmedabad

    Shopping is the best remedy, someone said it and it’s true, especially when your city is boiling and the temperature stays beyond 38 throughout the day or even... Read more

    10 hours, 31 minutes ago by   Hetal Shah
    FASHION
  • Summer Makeup Tips for Long Lasting Makeup

    Summer Makeup Tips Long Lasting

    Hey everyone today’s post is very informative and very useful for the hot scorching summer time. I am going to talk about my most used summer makeup tips for... Read more

    10 hours, 45 minutes ago by   Sugandha Choudhary
    HAIR & BEAUTY, LIFESTYLE
  • A Very Nice Day

    Very Nice

    Thursday dawned bright and clear and rather cool -- a perfect day to be outside! Shelia, my friend since 7th grade, was in town and offered to come over and pul... Read more

    12 hours, 54 minutes ago by   Vickilane
    CREATIVITY, PHOTOGRAPHY
  • 33, And Counting…

    Counting…

    I have 33 job applications out there. …Have taken 5 Interviews so far, and every day at work is like trying to survive a crawfish boil…as a fucking crawfish. Read more

    13 hours, 28 minutes ago by   Shewritesalittle
    CREATIVITY, SELF EXPRESSION
  • Hypermasculinity – Sometimes It’s Not All About The Girls

    Hypermasculinity Sometimes It’s About Girls

    16th December 2012. A 23-year old student was not just gang-raped but tormented and beaten in the most barbaric way possible on a moving bus. Read more

    14 hours, 45 minutes ago by   Scribe Project
    SELF EXPRESSION