Todays domestic dog is actually a subspecies of the gray wolf, a type of dog that is feared by most humans. Many people today, in all countries around the world, keep dogs as household pets and many even regard their dog as a family member.
- Dogs have soft pads on the bottom of their feet which help them to run quickly and quietly
- Dogs have sharp, strong claws on their feet which allow them to grip when running and also helps them to dig.
- Some dog species have dew claws on the sides of their feet which help the dog to balance when running, like the baby toes on humans.
- The dew claws on a dog never really touch the ground but are often used to help the dog to lightly grip their prey.
- The paws of a dog are around half the size of the paws of the wolf, as the dog is generally not as powerful as the wolf.
Dog Teeth Facts
- Dogs have highly specialised teeth which allows them to both bite and tear meat apart.
- The teeth of the dog are small than those of their wolf relatives as the dog has no need to be able to catch and kill such large prey.
- The tongue of the dog is vital in heat regulation as moisture on the tongue cools instantly and the cooler air is then passed into the respiratory system.
- Puppys have around 28 teeth but the average adult dog has 42 teeth which include 12 incisors, 4 canines, 16 premolars and 10 molars.
- When a puppy is about four months old, they shed their baby teeth and grow their permanent adult teeth which are much stronger.