Languages Magazine

Basic Arabic Terms from A to Z

By Tlb
An example of Allāh written in simple Arabic c...

Image via Wikipedia

Are you currently enrolled in Arabic language schools today? I have here an amazing list of basic Arabic terms from A to Z. I believe these terms are very helpful for those who are learning Arabic language, so let’s itemize these all one by one.

‘Abd (عبد)

This is a common term among Arabians. This is commonly known as servant, worshipper, or slave. Arabians use this term to attach to their names like “Abdullah” (servant of God), Abdul-Malik (Slave of the King), and Abdur-Rahmān (Slave of the most Beneficent).

Bay‘ah (بيعة)

It is the Arabian’s oath of allegiance to their leader. Traditionally, it is also called Caliph or Imam.

Caliph (خليفةkhalīfah)

It is a term referred as the successor of their respected prophet, Muhammad.

Dhimmi (ذمّي) (pl. dhimam)

It is defined as a practice among Jews, Christians and other denominations who choose to live their lives in an Islamic state. Non-Muslims like these denominations have the right to practice their religion tolerated by the Islamic law.

Ehtiaat-Waajib

An obligatory precaution.

Fi sabil Allah (في سبيل الله)

for the sake of Allah; common Islamic expression for performing acts such as charity or Jihad.

Ghazi (غازى)

a holy warrior.

Halāl (حلال)

literally means honorable.

Ifhār (إفطار)

It is a meal eaten by Muslims breaking their fast after sunset during the month of Ramadan.

Jihād (جهاد)

It literally means “struggle”. An earnest striving in the way of God.

Al-khaliq

The Creator, Allah.

Laghw (لغو)

This word means “false testimony”.

Malā’ikah (ملائكة)

The Arabic term for singing angels.

Nikah (النكاح)

the matrimonial contract between a bride and bridegroom within Islamic marriage.

Qur’ān (القرآن)

Muslims’ literal word of God.

Rasul (رسول)

Its literal meaning is “messenger”.

Shaykh (شيخ)

Arabic term for a Muslim clergy.

Talaq (الطلاق)

Also known as “divorce”.

Usul (sing. asl)

Principles, origins.

Wali (والي)

This word means friend, protector, guardian, supporter, or helper in Arabic language.

Yawm ul-Qiyāmah (يوم القيامة)

“Day of the Resurrection”; Day of Judgement

Zināa (زناء , زنى)

Sexual activity before marriage (can also count adultery and fornication)

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