Fire safety systems are vital in every home, not just for the protection of the people within, but also for your property and your neighbours. Thinking about a comprehensive fire safety model for your home is very important and goes beyond just your basic smoke detectors. Here are 6 systems for fire protection that every household should consider.
Let's start with the standard in household fire protection - the fire extinguisher. This fire-fighting staple has been around since the 18th century and was one of the first pieces of active protection available to the general public. Fire extinguishers are your first resort for small blazes. They contain fire retardants such as water, foam, dry chemicals, carbon dioxide, wet chemicals and vaporising liquid. An excellent extinguisher for your home is a 2kg dry powder model which is suitable for your kitchen or laundry and can easily manage small fires. Your extinguisher may very well be the difference between a manageable blaze and a full-blown house fire.
One of the major causes of fires spreading through and between houses is leaf litter catching fire and spreading across roofs. Gutter guards (also known as leaf guards or gutter mesh) is a efficient and affordable way to stop this happening. Gutter guards are basically a piece of mesh that sit above the lip of the gutter which stops leaf litter and other debris from clogging up the drains - a cheap and simple fire protection system.
Fire doors are another standard preventative measure that any household can implement. Residential fire doors are often rated for one hour of protection. This is very useful when trying to contain a blaze, say if it's too large to manage with a fire extinguisher. Fire doors contain fire-rated cores that can stop blazes from spreading between rooms - saving you a fortune in damages - or between other properties. They are often finished with MDF, pre-primed tempered hardboard or plywood veneer (amongst other finishes) so they will never look out of place.
Fireproof mattresses are a bit of a luxury item, but are an effective fire protection system for many households nonetheless. These are mattresses made from special fire retardant materials such as polyurethane with high-tech polymers that are completely fireproof and can greatly reduce the severity and longevity of a blaze.
Another standard in home fire protection, households are required to have at least one working smoke alarm. Smoke alarms detect fires long before any sleeping occupant of a household possibly could, saving critical seconds and allowing residents to implement life-saving actions. There are two different types smoke alarms: photoelectric (or optical detection) alarms which contain a light source in a central chamber that when disrupted by smoke entering the chamber, sets off the alarm. Or there are alarms that work by ionisation (physical detection); these contain a chamber full of electric particles (ions) that are extremely sensitive and trigger the alarm when disrupted. Smoke alarms save lives and it is imperative that all residents have working, well-maintain alarms in their homes.
This is one that many households fail to implement and it's free and very simple - planning. Having an escape plan for your family can be the difference between safety and tragedy. By nature, fires catch people with their guard down and without an evacuation plan this can have devastating consequences. Some simple rules for evacuation are, stay low, get out and stay out. Going a little further, it is a good idea to draw a plan of your home and discuss an escape plan with the other occupants. This includes identifying exits - if possible making sure there are two in each room. Practice your plan at least once a year, making sure that everyone who lives in your home is involved. Make sure all windows and doors can be easily opened. And finally, decide on a safe meeting place outside (both front and back).
A solid fire protection model for any household is extremely important in ensuring the safety of its occupants, the building itself and surrounding properties. These are 6 simple, affordable and effective fire protection systems that any household can implement and every household should consider.